Learn more about basil in this article. Also Read: How To Grow Licorice (Mulethi). One of the best short basil varieties named after a sauce made by using basil, garlic, and olive oil known as Pistou sauce. If you’re a basil lover, you’ll love to grow these basil varieties. Clay, being natural, is perfect for plants in many ways. They are used in a variety of ways: as culinary … Here are some of the most interesting benefits of Using Clay Pots for Plants... © 2020 Balcony Garden Web | All rights reserved. Water persistently and mulch around the base so that soil retains moisture. The following is a list of types of basil. Here are some of its fantastic health benefits! Sweet basil is available in many grocery stores, while other varieties have different tastes and fragrances. However, the best known is the common basil (Ocimum basilicum) It is used for culinary and medicinal purposes. Avoid planting it too early in the springs. Growing only up to 8 inches, it’s a small bushy variety of basil that is native to Southeast Asia. Foliage is tender light green and plant grows 20-24 inches in height. Just like the lemon basil, it is also one of the types of basil that is citrus flavored. With this type of lighting, basil plants will need about 10 hours of light for healthy growth. This variety is a bit cold tolerant and prefers 6-8 hours of direct sun. Purple Basil. Sun requirements: Full sun. Sometimes the lifespan of the basil plant can be short, so harvest away, basil lovers. This variety of basil features large leaves with a medium green color and an aromatic scent. Leaf colors span from rich green to deep purple, with smooth or crinkled leaves… All types of basil are very easy to grow, and most do very well in pots or window boxes, or even indoors on a sunny windowsill. You have entered an incorrect email address! The purplish stems and purple-veined leaves make it a showy plant. Well-draining soil with neutral soil pH is best for it. If there is a variety of basil which stands out among other basil varieties, this is the one. This plant is very susceptible to frost damage so move it indoors at the first sign of frost. Dark opal basil: Grow this type of basil to add some colours to your herb pots inside or outside. A customized soil mix can be created by mixing one third potting soil with one third organic matter (peat moss, compost or leaf mold) and one third … Ample watering with mulching around the base is what it needs. Hardiness Zones: 2-11. This variety of basil strikes has ornamental basil with a plant size 12 – 18 inches tall. Custom Soil Mix. In the growing season apply balanced fertilizer once a month. Holy basil, a natural antioxidant known for its medicinal properties, is also called Tulsi … Water moderately to keep the soil evenly moist. However, it cannot bear cold weather and die in freezing temperatures. It’s not as ornamental as other basil varieties but forms beautiful white spikes that are tall and appealing. Another type of basil is tulsi, or holy basil (Ocimum santum). Almost all basil varieties are cultivated as culinary herbs. This type of basil is probably the most common one as it is used in pesto, salads, and marinades. Sand helps the soil to drain the excess water. Ocimum is the botanical Latin name, covering all the 35 + species and varieties. When talking about the different types of basil, most people are familiar with the sweet basil varieties used in Italian cuisine, but many different types of basil are used in Asian cooking as well. ... Main types of basil. This small and bushy basil is a great option for any container gardener. This Basil is more of everything, i.e., it has a darker green shade; the leaves are … During the dry spells keep the plant well-watered. Just a couple of leaves are enough to add a spicy note to the Asian gourmets. Its ancient history, especially with relation to Hinduism, makes it a holy plant not only because of the various mythological stories but also due to its innumerable health benefits. However, for the optimum growth, water regularly and use light and well-drained soil. Also, the more aromatic and spicy flavor makes it a great ingredient in several Italian dishes and pesto recipes. It does not tolerate harsh cold weather. Holy Basil. The large wrinkled leaves of this basil resemble lettuce and are used broadly in salads and fresh dishes due to the mild and less aromatic flavor. Flower production of basil plants should be discouraged. Sweet basil is the most well-known and commonly grown basil, but there are a few other very useful and popular varieties. Purple Basil. Maintain moisture in the soil during the growing season. It can also be used to repel mosquitoes. This type of basil is a nice option for those with a lack of space. 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As the name suggests, this basil is bestowed with serrated leaves which are saber-like and ornamental. May 9, 2019 - Explore Grow Herbs Garden's board "Types of Basil", followed by 106 people on Pinterest. Use fertile soil that is rich in organic matter. Popular in the cuisines of Southeast Asia–Thai basil has a touch of licorice with a strong flavor. ‘Anise’): distinct liquorice-like aroma with spicy undertones. Stay tuned for the first newsletter in the morning, straight to your inbox. Apart from regular culinary uses, you can steep it in vinegar or oil to add color and aroma to the dishes. Although small, its evenly shaped leaves are still packed with flavor and are perfect for garnishing dishes. Water routinely and avoid the soil from drying out completely. Move outdoors only after the last frost has passed. Purple basil has a striking dark burgundy color that provides excellent contrast in the … If required, flush the soil. Holy Basil is a type of basil but has its unique taste and a whole culture associated with it. Growing around 25 inches tall, shiny leaves and small pinkish-lavender and mauve color flowers make it an excellent choice for flower arrangements. Provide plenty of light and water. Don’t overwater the plant. Originating from the regions of Naples (Itay), its extraordinarily large leaves are used for wrapping poultry, fish or cheese. Basil, annual herb of the mint family, grown for its aromatic leaves. This basil has a rich stunning colour having the prettiest fuchsia-hued flowers. Summerlong Basil falls in the Dwarf plant category. Leaves narrower and more pointed than sweet basil. Exposure to direct sun or fluorescent light is necessary for optimum growth. Sweet Basil. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Red Basil and Its Benefits for the Health. Beyond this, there are other interesting species to grow in the garden. The leaves are smaller and pointier, and the plant produces beautiful purple flowers. In hot climates, keep it in part sun. This is a compact variety of basil which grows in a bushy form as the name suggests. 65 to 85 Degrees F is the optimum growing temperature. Best for: Adding color to … The purplish stems… It grows up to four feet tall and has a fragrant, spicy aroma that wafts in wet wind. You can rely on this basil even late in the season as it remains productive. Needs full sun to flourish. The leaves are pointed and can be used in garnishes, salads, meat dishes or soups, and tomato dishes. Check out our herb pruning tips to learn more. Requirements for Basil plant Basil is a plant of hot temperatures, and it can survive in the temperature up to 70 degrees Celsius. The plant... 2. Vishnu Priya Tulsi – Ocimum Sanctum is a Latin term meaning ‘sacred fragrant lipped basil’; native to tropical Asia, this plant is more commonly referred to as Tulsi or ‘the incomparable one’ in Hindi. Water daily but not so much that the soil becomes soggy. 18 Types of Basil to Grow for Cooking & Medicinal Uses |... 16 DIY Indoor Window Garden Ideas For Urban Gardeners, 10 Indoor Plants that Absorb CO2 at Night, 20 Unique Indoor Plants in Hanging Baskets Ideas, 11 Easiest Indoor Blooming Houseplants to Grow. How to Spot and Get Rid of Scale on Your Garden Plants, Why You Should Grow Baby Vegetables, and How to Do It, How to Improve Garden Soil Fertility on the Cheap, Bone Meal Fertilizer: What You Need to Know to Make It Work in Your Garden, How to Spot and Get Rid of Carrot Rust Fly on Your Garden Plants. Basil is a warm weather plant the can be successfully grown indoors under the right conditions. Basil cultivars are cultivated varieties of basil. 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The leaves are used fresh or dried to flavor meats, fish, salads, and sauces; basil tea is a stimulant. Since it’s small in size, the Summerlong basil matures quite fast. All of them are edible and perfect for growing in containers. It looks like celosia but still, you can use it in your kitchen in recipes. Propagating Basil. The enchanting beauty of this variety and its edible merits make it must-have basil. Add a phosphorus-rich fertilizer in the first week of planting. this also includes nettles and mint. This list of types of basil can’t end without adding this basil variety. Also known as Tulsi, it is revered in the Hindu religion for its medicinal and spiritual characteristics. A light potting medium is suitable for planting. This is easily grown in tropical areas but can also thrive in countries with four seasons but must be in an outdoor garden during summer. It generally starts producing leaves within 30 to 60 days of sowing, in 60-90 days it fully matures. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors. The extremely aromatic leaves also have a delightful variety of flavors, from the slightly lemony-mint of sweet basil to cinnamon, and licorice. Propagate it from cuttings. Japanese beetles can skeletonize the whole plant, be on a lookout for them. Basil , also called great basil, is a culinary herb of the family Lamiaceae (mints). Basil (Ocimum basilicum) is a member of the mint family. You can grow a combination of both lemon and lime basils as they make a great pair. Like other basil varieties, it also needs plenty of sunlight to thrive. What are the varieties of basil? Grow it in a sunny spot and keep it well watered. This is also a sun-loving plant and requires moderate watering. If you want to use companion planting to reap the most benefits, you need 2-3 basil plants per tomato plant. Thai basil (O. basilicum var. It can tolerate a bit shady spot but still need part sun. This exotic looking dark purple foliage basil can enhance the beauty of your landscape. And How Can You Prevent It? While growing basil indoors is an easy endeavor, the vigorous growth of plants may require frequent repotting. The leaves are half the size of Genovese basils, but have a pronounced peppery cinnamon flavor. Tomatoes need to be pollinated, and the strong scent of basil is pollinator-friendly. Are The Scary Looking Earwigs a Garden Pest or a Friend? May 22, 2019 - Explore Linda Claire's board "Types of basil", followed by 1281 people on Pinterest. Basil plants are one of the most popular herbs to grow and also one of the easiest. Add lemon basil to the ice tea for warm lemon flavor and to it make it an invigorating drink. Space the plants 6-12 inches apart. Add it to soups, sauces, fish and meat dishes as its a bit more spicier than a few other sweet basil varieties. This type of basil holds up well to high-temperature cooking, so don’t be afraid to add it to your favorite stir-fry recipe. Avoid using the fertilizer with high nitrogen content. With this, it will be effective in fighting damages that can be caused by free radicals. There are dozens of types of basil. Of these, the most … Keep the soil evenly moist in the initial stage when the plant is establishing. These latter two are generally held to be from the Greek name “Basilikon phuton”. Basil is easy to grow, but it only grows outdoors in the summer—and only once the soil has warmed up nicely—so plan accordingly. The leaves are intensely flavored, which its addition makes the soups and sauces more flavorful. Common names for Basil include Saint Joseph’s Wort, King of herbs, Royal herb. Download Basil plant stock photos. Disclosure. Bored with the similar display of green foliage herbs? Napoletano Basil. In a deep-dug bed, the plants grow about 18 (46 cm) high and as wide. Thai Basil. However, basil grown indoors can also be given both sun and artificial lighting by alternating so many hours in each. In general, basil doesn’t need … A striking plant in any edible landscape. All true basil varieties are considered to be those that are a part of the Ocimum genus.Ocimum Basilicum, or sweet basil, is the most well known species of the basil plant.There are numerous cultural varieties of basil, such as purple basil and cinnamon basil, which are appreciated for their unique colors, smell and taste. Place the pot nearby a sunny windowsill so that it can enjoy in the direct sun. Basil is a member of the Lamiaceae (Labiatae) family of plants. Although, it is not as common as lemon basil. If that was not enough having it daily in the tea or chai will boost your immune system. Sow the seeds 0.25 inches deep and space them 10 inches apart. It can grow up to two feet tall. Read these basil growing tips.