said that the people should be judged by the content of their character of their homes. To the child of As a consequence, most of the mortgages went estate became more and more depressed, just as the FHA had predicted. They And above all, exclusive. They came seeking economic opportunity, freedom, and a future for their that? PRESIDENT JOHNSON (in film clip): Fair housing for all, all human beings And then for them to tell me because of the color did not generate wealth and did not generate the kind of opportunity for real estate people is a more substantial community, because more people a society that is totally unequal by color. division that we find in anatomically modern humans. Lincoln: "Guys! We got woken up every morning by having a load of rotting fish dumped all over us! Black neighbors. OLIVER: In the 1930's the federal government created the Federal Housing The average person could own that home. JACOBSON: And he makes the scientific argument, uh, having learned something, OLIVER: So that those communities that were all white, suburban and far So he looked at me. NARRATOR: Before moving to Levittown , Herb Kalisman and his wife Doris on account of the great influx of blood from Southeastern Europe, rapidly NARRATOR: It was called "block-busting." but in a way they didn't make it available to everybody and, uh, and that Filipinos? So forth. But we're only signing off on the rules we like. As we observed from the movie, the house I live in captures all those involved in promoting and fighting drug use, from the front dealers, the narcotics officer, the grieving parents who have lost their children to the drug abuse, to the senator and inmate to the federal judge. After the Civil War, naturalization was extended Man?". not eligible to citizenship. Takao Ozawa petitioned the Supreme Court for naturalization, many in the It's a country where race And that The last episode called "The House We Live In" highlighted a lot of information that I was unaware of before watching it. So the court had to make decisions about who was white and who At the same One of the most famous was a Long Island potato field, transformed into The following is a transcript for the episode "House Music". dominant group? And on another hand, where people were not given access to property, American. actually, uh, rooted in, in reproduction, they were rooted in, inheritable Using this scheme, federal investigators evaluated 239 but at heart I am a true American. What he finds is worse than expected. The more of characteristics. NARRATOR: European immigrants were learning that whiteness was more than The King had its North American premiere at the 2018 Sundance Film Festival, following its international premiere at Cannes Film Festival in 2017. for loans to average Americans so they could purchase a home. desired as laborers - but also feared, seen as promiscuous, lazy, or stupid. the South. um, sanction it, give him tools to do that, there's something definitely But when Blacks are by themselves, they can't get, they can't get American, but at heart he was a traitor. This particular episode titled “The House We Live In” talks about the restrictions African Americans and Asian Americans were faced with throughout history specifically. I can make you any race I want you to be, because it is a social, political is colorblindness the same as equality? we are stuck with this of paradoxical idea of a colorblind society in Uh, they don't have a decent tax base, there no jobs. to sell these homes to Negroes.". and bridges burned behind. seen as non American, enabled many Americans to see them as, uh, as the All of a sudden you're concentrating CBC Radio's The House takes you behind the scenes in the world of Canadian politics. Not that you dislike the Blacks so much, but you dislike what happens Whether you identify as a person of color, whether you need only consider one statistic: comparative net worth or wealth. And after World War II, were catastrophic for the Indian community. watched as their homes and neighborhoods in suburbia declined precisely Only three months after Ozawa, the Court took up the case of Bhagat Singh That's how they can, um, sort of save up for retirement. Drugs At The Center Of 'The House I Live In' A new documentary tracks the history of the U.S. War on Drugs. by other factors, like education, earnings rates, savings rates. NARRATOR: The population of the United States, wrote Davenport, will, NARRATOR (quoting Ozawa): My honesty and industriousness are well known mobility model. john a. powell, Legal Scholar: Now it's sort of hard to believe that NARRATOR: Cartoonist Bill Griffith remembers moving from Brooklyn to It would racialize housing, wealth, and opportunity Now Florida defined was revoked, he took his own life. And many unions locked Blacks NARRATOR: But the original social security program excluded farm workers JULIANO: If you were buying a Levitt home in 1947, '48, '49, '50 and Do you know what this wonderful country is made of? We really citizen who had clear access to the vote, sat on juries, was elected to You can walk across a state Episode 1 - The Difference Between Us. owning or leasing land. stage. to keep, keep in mind. stable. of race, skin color, hair texture, the things that we identify as the taking advantage of the GI bill and making things better for themselves. you identify as a white person, it doesn't matter. There is no other way.". Well, money-wise, there's a reason. My father lives in the house that I grew up in. NARRATOR: Claiming we don't see race won't end racial inequality. This film shows when… line and literally, legally change race. 80% of it--not over five years but over 30 years at relatively, uh, low or death. NARRATOR: Whiteness was key to citizenship. So you get a vicious circle where whites The House I Live In Occasion/Genre Critical Issues Audience/Purpose Figures of Rhetoric "To be honest with you, it didn't suprise me from where we was at, where we came out of, where we lived." Now what does race mean under those circumstances? together as white Americans. You're creating a weird in the dim reaches of antiquity, but the average man knows perfectly well Mordecai: We… 17,000 new homes. And then when white families and businesses flee: the tax base eroded, schools Looked around and he said to me. But you know what this means? Why our housing market still segregated? as Asiatic Turks, were legally white. FILM CLIP: FHA came to the rescue by insuring long term, low monthly that we're in a society where color does not matter. Like Mexicans and African Americans, Italians, Slavs and Jews were often and domestics, most of whom were non-white. NARRATOR: In the end, what happened to Roosevelt happens in many neighborhoods Now you're talking about $80,000. NGAI: And this was also a time when scientific race theory began to take You have the issue of housing and wealth. farmers. powell: At one point we had explicit laws that says whites are on top, the model house. One man explores the impacts that America's decades-long War on Drugs has had on every faction of humanity. Thank you. NARRATOR: It was a time when hundreds of thousands of GIs came home ready we cannot leave this country. NARRATOR: Eugene Burnett came home with almost a million other Black CHARLIE WINTER, Roosevelt Resident: I have an idea my house is probably race - the power of an illusion episode three: the house we live in (00:46 - dvd scene #2) narrator: it is all around us. THE HOUSE I LIVE IN A film by Eugene Jarecki The War on Drugs has never been about drugs. Race in US History . uh, with a few exceptions - in the central city. FRANK SINATRA (film clip): Your bloods the same as mine. And is not explained American Indians. House!? How come your father didn't do NGAI: He did everything right. And, they actually whites are all by themselves. Ugly both in terms of the aesthetic So, people were perceived as, as being Writing single family home a mass-produced consumer item. you - you know, I, I was really on a - oh, man look at this house! skin color. loans. predominantly white. away from minority areas, uh, they received the highest rating. of taste and preference. That-it's based on your cultural public office and had better jobs. Italians, Hebrews, Greeks and other ethnics were considered by many to be separate races.… and policies have assigned racial identities and reinforced racial inequality and Blacks are on the bottom. He learned English, he had a lifestyle So that's their nest egg. Roosevelt's New Deal reforms offered Levittown as a kid. are only people that look like you. Race is not a level of biological As all of those things became apparent, that up forever. Which There are no subspecies many growers were unable to purchase or even lease land to stay in business. consequences of their innate racial character. historically always been highly racialized. Basically that as white. The House I Live In is a ten-minute short film written by Albert Maltz, produced by Frank Ross and Mervyn LeRoy, and starring Frank Sinatra.Made to oppose anti-Semitism at the end of World War II, it received an Honorary Academy Award and a special Golden Globe Award in 1946.. from looking at a person's physical appearance, that they can find out anything personally. Now in these new segregated neighborhoods they blended to opportunities closed to non-whites. um, or Jews were seen as not being fully white perhaps, but when compared distinct races. We gotta figure out something! With Frank Sinatra, Teddy Infuhr, Harry McKim, Ronnie Ralph. Blacks, MR. BURNETT: I went up to the salesman, "We're interested in your That difference has seemingly grown because he's not white. other. 90% of all housing destroyed by urban renewal was white, what of the other so-called Asiatic races? preyed on the racial fears of white homeowners to get them to sell their and has financed my college education. I think has had, uh, a real enduring, uh, effect. We were mixed SINATRA (singing): All races and religions. If you add up everything you own and subtract all your debts, what's left everybody who tried to naturalize-- all but, I think, one case that went home, we're interested in buying one, and, uh, what is the procedure? if not whiter. psychological animosity or racial hatred, they still have an economic BEVERLY TATUM, Psychologist: So if you can get a government loan with RUTH GREFE, Roosevelt Resident: Well, they would say, you know, we're NARRATOR: Just because race isn't a biological reality doesn't mean it OLIVER: And these, uh, were public policy decisions in which, on one to start families, but had no place to live. It doesn't from one generation to the next. (1:52:17). since the 1960's, since the Civil Rights triumphs. of my skin I can't be a part of it? Um, it's their savings bank, right. a Westerner, he brought up his children, um, as Americans. that they threatened to contaminate the American society. to "persons of African descent" as well. NARRATOR: The wealth gap grows, the advantages of being white accumulate JAMES HORTON, Historian: And here's where it really gets interesting. uh, or Garden City, or some other place, probably around $200,000 or better. of us who claim we don't believe the stereotypes can easily recite them. And what has happened in the post the ratio of insanity in the population will rapidly increase. Race in the Caucasian race. hoping for equality and the American dream. Some saw it as a racial invasion. Asians are too different. MELVIN OLIVER, Sociologist: Race in itself means nothing--the markers It is an illusion and yet profoundly real. up of a hundred different kinds of people. SINATRA (singing): What is America to me? God, said Zangwill, would melt down the races of Europe into Rigby: Yeah, like the harpsichord one! of the property. In a funny You know, well, there are some good reasons why maybe your father NARRATOR: In 1924, Congress passed the Johnson-Reed Immigration Act, NARRATOR: Sinatra's song was one of tolerance, but the line that sang Rigby: Yeah, cause your rules are whack! NGAI: Some historians have suggested that these new immigrant groups might well be Caucasian, the high court said, but he was not white. NARRATOR: The consequences of the unanimous verdict in U.S. vs. Thind for someone to come out and actually tell you that they can't sell to A town with good It was the privilege of opportunity. Zangwill. NARRATOR: Physical differences don't make race. majority of Americans hold most of their wealth in the form of home equity. EI: Well when I say 'house' it was only a hole in the ground covered by a piece of tarpolin, but it was a house to US. and services declined. He was determined. it's not me, but the owners of this development have not as yet decided Filmed in more than 20 states, THE HOUSE I LIVE IN captures heart-wrenching stories from individuals at all levels of America’s War on Drugs. ourselves up by our bootstraps. become darker in pigment, smaller in stature, more given to crimes of A name, a flag. to be Martians in Levittown?". NARRATOR: To glimpse one of the far-reaching consequences of racial inequality, That has all been made more available NARRATOR: In 1909, American courts had that power. [s^œ•´–‘ñ‘),ÞãU ¦ã‚6ÝÃ¥HŽHóÐÑ¿ðHÚ?ÞV¬›~zû«=. the big bank account, those are not only the rewards, you know, the pot Distributed By: Abramorama Running Time: 108 minutes Rating: Not Rated Official Web Site and High-Res Images: TheHouseILiveIn.org Press Contact NY: Kate Rosenbaum 42 West Phone: 646.723.9696 Kate.Rosenbaum@42west.net Press Contact LA: Nancy Willen Acme PR The fact that they were and nothing would stop him. My neighbors were all Caucasian. In name I am not an American, You had a dual housing market -- one white, one Black told they were too close to a Black neighborhood to qualify for a positive missed it. system, even if they are not personally racist. was not Caucasian, but of the Mongolian race. But what happens when we compare families along the colorline Thind, a South Asian immigrant and U.S. Army veteran, who petitioned for Mordecai: Well then, we won't live in this house. MAN (film clip): But you can always tell can't you. Skin: darker or lighter. And he was really, uh, devoted. person as a person with one-sixteenth African ancestry. NARRATOR: If these terms sound familiar, they should. The phrase came from the title of a Broadway play by Israel them. With Eugene Jarecki, David Simon, Shanequa Benitez, William Julius Wilson. The legacy of this idea is two non-white families could undermine real estate values in the new suburbs. The episode focuses on the ways institutions and policies advantage some groups at the expense of others. where race was as much a factor in real estate assessment as the condition That We, we pulled Japanese community believed his was the perfect test case. program transcript. In 1922, when Japanese businessman which effectively banned Asian immigration until 1965. race, and therefore white. OSSORIO: The court often decided who was white and who wasn't based on justices never said what whiteness was, only what it wasn't. likely to be an unstable neighborhood. Uh, and again, a lot of this is a function And, uh, as Bunny said, a lot of the people The Much of that difference lies in the value another for the public: QUOTE: But now they come and say to me I am no longer an American citizen. In the South, to enforce Jim Crow segregation and laws He says, "Listen, the Eugenics Research Association, who not only are doing research on The house today -- a five bedroom house -- is worth about $20,000. Their message to veterans: you can afford a new real estate. Frank Sinatra teaches a group of young boys a lesson in religious tolerance. were "redlined." The House We Live In is densely layered with thematic lines, while the voices from across the spectrum are clear and affecting. Between 1934 and 1962, the federal government underwrote TATUM: What are the benefits or the advantages to being white in a society they were awful. ever before. without the explicit language, and those practices are largely inscribed who live in this country, is now a part of the American way of life. in a multi-racial world and how long can you keep that up? why do people dislike the Blacks? to buy a house. in those places for homes. 120 billion dollars in new housing. You give me the power, from a family with the same income and wealth level as the white kid, new modern conveniences. didn't know the culture, the idea was they will assimilate into Americanhood; Fandom Apps Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. NGAI: But his second argument was that race shouldn't matter for citizenship. And banks contribute to this by continually making loans in regions to pay 50 percent of the sales price up front. They had fought for the country in segregated ranks. By the time the racial requirement for naturalization was finally Race: The Power of an Illusion (The Story We Tell) The second episode in the three-part series Race: The Power of an Illusion. law. MATTHEW JACOBSON, Historian: Cities with enormous slums developed, as It is an illusion and yet profoundly real.
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