Weed of disturbed areas. Extracts from four leaves: Ceratotheca sesamoides (Endl. It is reported to exhibit antiviral and anticancer properties [1] and antinociceptive activity [2]. stream Our results demonstrated that the most important regulators of trilinolein-induced apoptosis are Bcl-2 family and caspase-3, which are associated with cytochrome c release and dephosphorylation on the Akt signaling pathway. Amaranthus – is the scientific name of Kulitis CHAPTER II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE Kulitis Kulitis (Amaranthus viridis L. ) is alleged to originate from the lowland Tropical South and Central America and it was introduced into other warm places of the world. Keywords: ABTS, Amaranthus viridis, Antioxidants, Aqueous extract, Cancer, DPPH. When compared with control, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b) and xanthoxylin (2) stimulated 13–15 fold calcium uptake of the cultured myocardial cells, which might have caused the positive chronotropic effect. The extracts contained appreciable levels of total phenolic contents (1.03 to 3.64 GAE, g/100 g) and total flavonoid contents (18.4 – 5.42 QE, g/100 g) and also exhibited good 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) radical scavenging activity as revealed by IC 50 (14.25 -83.43 µg/ml). Trilinolein has been identified as one of the active constituents isolated from Panax notoginseng used widely in traditional Chinese medicine. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … used in Nigeria as edible vegetables were tested for antiviral activities using the measles virus on Human Epidermoid carcinoma (HEP-2) cell line. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. <>/Metadata 1103 0 R/ViewerPreferences 1104 0 R>> R o y, A . <> Weed Research, Japan, 20(4):153-156 Flowers densely clustered in elongate spikes. We report herein ... All content in this area was uploaded by Consolacion Ragasa on Feb 09, 2015, 1) Chemistry Department and Center for Natura. Amaranthus roxburghianus root extract in combination with piperine as a potential treatment of ulcerative colitis in mice. Determination of the constituents of these samples by NMR analyses indicated the presence of phytol 1a in sample 1, with lupeol 1b and β-amyrin 1c as impurities (< 10%) and sitosterol (2a) and stigmasterol (2b) in sample 2. Spikes green, perianth segments 3. While some of the plants of this family have important nutritional value, others are considered toxic and/or hazardous weeds and many efforts have been made in controlling them. been reported to have anticancer activities. Botanical Name : Amaranthus viridis L. Common Name : Dhimbdo, Green Amaranth Plant Family : Amaranthaceae Plant Form : Herb Occurrence (Sectors) : 1, 5, 18, 27, 30 Occurrence (Special Areas) : Gujarat Forestry Research Foundation, Indroda Park, Sarita Udyan, Infocity About Amaranthus viridis Plant : Habit : Erect or diffuse annual unarmed herbs, simple or branched, 20 - 80cm tall. Original-research-article. These results suggest that spinasterol has a therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are caused by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation. The objective of this review is to consider the phytoconstituents from six species under the genus Amaranthus (A. retroflexus, A. spinosus, A. viridis, A. caudatus, A. hypocondriacus and A. tricolor). Spinasterol, which is isolated from the aerial parts of Aster scaber Thunb. Their structures were established by MS, one- and two-dimensional NMR experiments. A. Ojiako. II. Amaranthus viridis is a plant that is very widely distributed in our country, grows easily, and is eaten by low-income groups. It has been found that the proteins of this plant, like most other plants, are deficient in some essential amino acids. Leaves alternate to 15 cm long. S. Kuznecovs, K. Jegina, I. Kuznecovs. of. Amaranthus viridis, A. retroflexus, A. hybridus, A. gracilis, A. gangeticus, A. paniculatus, and A. graecizans are wild types. The object of research is the amaranth plant of three species – forage (Amaranthus caudatus L.), grain (Amaranthus cruentus L.) and decorative (Amaran-thus hipochondriacus L.). British Journal of Pharmaceutical Research, ISSN: 2231-2919,Vol. A. viridis is a vigorous annual that grows up to around 1 m tall. endobj We showed that spinasterol increased the cellular resistance of HT22 cells to oxidative injury caused by the glutamate-induced cytotoxicity by extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway-dependent expression of HO-1. Kesan penggunaan gentian mesokarpa terhadap pertumbuhan dan penghasilan bayam hijau (Amaranthus Viridis L.) This research is being done to study the effect of using a planting medium based on mesocarp fibre mixed with top soil to the growth and production of green spinach. It was concluded that A. viridis leaf and seed can be explored as a potential source for isolation of antioxidant and antimicrobial agents for uses in functional food and pharmaceuticals. Compound 1 showed cytotoxicity against human mammary, The antioxidant properties of methanol extracts from daylily flowers during maturation were determined with antioxidant assays, including antioxidant activity, DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) radical scavenging, superoxide anion radical scavenging and reducing power. %���� 19. In addition to general chemical composition that was presented in previous cited publications, two more interesting articles did the same. Administration of the extracts was applied to both laboratory animals at the doses of 200 and 400 mg/kg body weight, respectively. D u t t a , D . (2010) reported the possibility of seed dispersal via ruminants. A. Rideout, C. Y. Ragasa, H. T. Ngo. All the extracts showed dose-dependent antiviral activities. O. D. Omodamiro 1*, M. A. Jimoh 2 and P. U. Ezurike 1. The efficacy of each extract in preventing viral penetration into a living cell as well as its effect on the virus itself and the toxicity of same on the cell were all determined. The inhibitory action of the extracts from C. sesamoides and L. taraxacifolia were greatest at high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus had already penetrated the cell. (Asteraceae), is involved in various biological activities. 51, No. Original article submitted March 24, 2013. They have a long leaf stalk with a broad base tapering to a pointed tip. M. J. Iqbal, S. Hanif, Z. Mahmood, F. Anwar, A. Jamil. Amaranthus viridis L. seeds were reported to be dispersed by manure in upland DSR agroecosystems in the Philippines (Galinato et al., 1999). Bangladesh Pharmaceutical Journal 22(1): 117-124, 2019. Pigweed (Amaranthus viridis L.), belonging to the family Amaranthaceae, is commonly known with different names such as Amaranth, Slender amaranth, Chinese spinach, Caruru, and Tampala. <>/ExtGState<>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/MediaBox[ 0 0 595.32 841.92] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> In a low Ca2+ medium (0.5 mM Ca2+), these compounds suppressed the decrease of BR, which was induced by low Ca2+. antioxidant properties and involved compounds was observed between different maturity stages of daylily flowers. Title Protabase - Plant Resources of Tropical Africa. While studying the fate of Commelina benghalensis L. after simulated rumen digestion, Riar et al. Amaranthus viridis L. belongs to family (Amaranthaceae) commonly known as “Chowlai” is a common wild vegetable and weed of cultivation. Amaranthus viridis Linn is a common summer weed found every where. ... Phenolic compounds: Two phenolic compounds such as Amaranthine (20) and Isoamaranthine (21) bearing anti-malarial activities are known from the medicinal plant A. spinosus (Figure 4) (Hilou et al. Amaranthus viridis concentrations of 10 and 15 mg/ml were contaminated but the extract at a low concentration of 5 mg/ml was able to exhibit antiviral activity when the cell was treated with the extract before the virus was added. 2 0 obj All rights reserved. Column chromatography was performed with, silica gel 60 (70–230 mesh), while TLC was performed with plastic backe, . Abstract. Flowers pale. the need to isolate the individual compounds. Significant variation in, An analytical method for flavonoids present in the seed extract of buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum Moench, Polygonaceae), using HPLC and a photodiode array detector and interfaced to an electrospray ionisation mass spectrometer, has been developed. On the growth and chlorophyll content in the leaves of Amaranthus viridis with sowing the seed once a month through the year. Hence present investigation reveals the antinociceptive and antipyretic activities of methanolic extract of Amaranthus viridis. Common name(s) Green Amaranth. Amaranthus cruentus: Milling characteristics distribution of nutrient within seed components, and the effects of temperature on nutritional quality. This review article is about plants of this family in general and in particular about Amaranthaceae plants of our region. This weed is mostly found on roadsides and wastelands. Of the parts tested, the seed extracts exhibited superior antioxidant and antimicrobial activity. The more polar, Spinasterol exhibits antitumorigenic, anti-inflammatory [13], antimi. 11. M. aterials and . active against the fungi (Aspergillus niger and Candida albicans) and the bacteria (Bacillus On the germination of Amaranthus viridis. The present study was conducted to evaluate the phenolics, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of leaf and seed extracts from an edible herb namely Amaranthus viridis L. The extract yields of active components, produced using pure and aqueous methanol, from the leaves and seeds ranged from 5.4 to 6.0 and 2.4 to 3.7%, respectively. Studies on the physiology and ecology of Amaranthus viridis. 1 0 obj 2013;11(3):206-12. 1, NMR spectra were recorded on a Varian VNMRS spectrometer in CDCl, C NMR spectra. Food Sci. In this review article, we will present some ethnomedicinal uses of the plants of this family, along with comprehensive literature survey of medicinal, biological and other activities. Weed Research, Japan, 21(1):6-11. A survey study for the use of pesticides and fertilizers was carried out with 740 market gardeners. Full Length Research Paper Pharmacognostic evaluation of the Amaranthus viridis L. Musharaf Khan1*, Shahana Musharaf2, Mohammad Ibrar1 and Farrukh Hussain1 1Department of Botany, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. 3. The flowers of Cucurbita maxima Duch. In view of the efficacy of these extracts in inhibiting the cytopathic effect (CPE) of measles virus without harming the host, the utilization of the extracts in the formulation of new antiviral drugs is strongly recommended especially when the availability and the very low cost of these vegetables are considered. Research and development opportuni-ties on nutritive and nutraceutical properties, produc-tion and commercialization, taxonomic evaluation and breeding perspectives were explored. Antioxidant compounds, such as phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid and β-carotene were also analysed. Distinguishing features. Efficiency on water use was measured by comparing the water use on hydroponic with the control during the plant growing period. Grain amaranth was an important crop for the preHispanic, New World civilizations. %PDF-1.7 Scientific Name: Amaranthus viridis Root Word: amarantos = unfading, viridis = green Common Name: Slender Amaranth, Green Amaranth Vernacular: Kulites Apaka Synonym: Amaranthus gracilis Desf. Cinnamomum cebuense Kosterm (Lauraceae) is an endemic and endangered Philippine tree yielded used by local residents as remedy for stomach ache. P. C h a k r a b o r t y. The leaves of Amaranthus are a potential alternative source of betalains because of their betacyanin pigments, and they also show anticancer activity. and 2D NMR analyses. Carlsson, R. 1980. Quantity and quality of Amaranthus grain from plants in temperate, cold and hot, and subtropical climates--A review. 3 0 obj Another study reported the isolation of amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor, from the roots of A. viridis [7]. A recent study reported that methanol extracts of A. viridis showed considerable antimicrobial activity against selected bacterial and fungal strains with MIC ranging from 179-645 μg/mL. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. A. retroflexus consists of high number of reported phytoconstituents. afforded a 4:1 mixture of spinasterol (1a) and 24- Antimicrobial activity tests on sample 1 indicated that it was slightly This research aimed to study the effectiveness of red and green spinach as UVB protection for Btk. endobj The dichloromethane extracts of the air-dried leaves and roots of C. cebuense contain polyprenol and trilinolein, respectively. Column chromatography of the ethyl acetate extract of the leaves of Vitex parviflora yielded, among others, samples 1 and 2. 12. E. lateriflora only inhibited the virus activity at very high concentrations of 15 mg/ml when the virus was treated with the extract and also when the HEP-2 cell was treated with the extract before the virus suspension was added. Trilinolein treatment induced the upregulation of pro-apoptotic Bax, downregulation of anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 expression, which was associated with the proteolytic activation of caspases and the concomitant degradation of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) protein. extracts, hydroxy-β-sanshool (1b), xanthoxylin (2) and two quercetin glycosides, hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), were found to increase the BR in a standard medium (2.1 mM Ca2+). Another study reported that after treatment with A. viridis methanol extract, normal and streptozotocin induced diabetic rats exhibited a significant increase in body weight and a decrease in blood glucose, total cholesterol, and serum triglycerides [3]. <> S . Safrole is a known hepatocarcinogen, while eugenol is reported to be cytotoxic. ethyl-5α-cholesta-7, 22, 25-trien-3β-ol (1b). 2004). proceedings of 54th ththe iier international conference, beijing, china, 13 january 2016, isbn: 978-93-82702-35-1 10 qualitative and quantitative phytochemical analysis and antioxidant potential of amaranthus viridis l. from pakistan 1sehrish sadia, 2zia ur rehman mashwani, 3humara amin, 4arshad ali shedayi, 5jin-tun zhang, 6xiaohang bai, 7brian gagosh nayyar, 8paras mazari 4. Poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) nanocapsules have been previously developed as a carrier system for atrazine. Amaranthus viridis is an ecumenical species in the botanical family of Amaranthaceae, which has been traditionally used to treat several skin diseases along with some antilipidemic activities. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. The results showed that A. viridis endobj Information will be presented in tables for the convenience of readers, and many structures of natural products are presented. (Hue et al., 2017, The methanol extract of the tubers of Polygonum perfoliatum L. afforded a new lignan: 8-oxo-pinoresinol (1), and five known compounds 3',5-dihydroxy-3,4',5',7-tetramethoxy-flavone (2), catechin (3), quercetin (4), quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucuronide (5) and rutin (6). In this study, we report the efficacy of spinasterol in effectively modulating the regulation of antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity through the upregulation of heme oxygenase (HO)-1 in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. Hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6) did not affect calcium uptake of the myocardial cells, Na+–K+ ATPase activity or Ca2+-ATPase activity of sarcoplasmic reticulum. The leaves are mid to light green, deeply veined and alternate. �kI&�D��dt�pR�t��߿��?M���{|p����dBHY�������u5!VO)%<=Um�y%'�k����5��7�~N��M�����/���xt�VP^�zBXIaHՂ�S4�Y��dLE�BB0������8V�i]H�o8���M�ñq�(�� I1� ����F�D�K&&�.���ߋ�� 5ߗ�;mJ��3V2����;��O���Wt0y����᫋���O�{:��0;;�L�g{��*�Fxt��PEZRr1��,5�R+$��K����O^"N These were bioassayed with the micronucleus test and were found to be antimutagenic. Structural information about the flavonols was obtained from the retention time characteristics, the UV-visible spectra and the mass spectra without, In the course of our studies on naturally occurring cardioactive agents, we investigated the effects of water and methanol extracts of a Chinese crude drug “Huajiao” the dried fruit of Zanthoxylum bungeanum, on the spontaneous beating rate (BR) of embryonic mouse myocardial cell sheets in culture. research is to investigate the hydroponic (NFT, DFT, Aeroponic) efficiency on water use using Amaranthus viridis L. as the planted material. of Amaranthus viridis showed no evidence of single dose toxicity (2000 mg/kg) when studying acute toxicity. However, the efficacy of this nanoformulation against weeds commonly found in crop cultures has not been tested yet. Chemistry of Natural Compounds, Vol. The results of the statistical analysis showed that MEAV had significant (p<0.01) dose dependent antinociceptive and antipyretic properties at 200 and 400 mg/kg. Chromatographic separation of the dicloromethane extract of the bark of C. cebuense gave rise to safrole and eugenol which were identified by NMR spectroscopy. Of 16 flavonoids related in structure with hyperin (4) and quercitrin (6), quercetin, isoquercitrin, rutin, myricetin and myricitrin also increased the BR in the standard medium, while kaempferol and luteorin decreased the BR in the standard medium. Their structures were elucidated by extensive 1D The seed extracts exhibited superior antioxidant and antimicrobial activity [4]. Intracellular reactive oxygen species seem to play a role in the trilinolein-induced apoptosis, since ROS were produced early in the trilinolein treatment. and A. viridis. Keywords Amaranthus Leafy vegetables Nutrients Nutraceutical properties Genetic resources Introduction Africa has experienced mixed progress in reducing Furthermore, spinasterol suppressed the lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced expression of pro-inflammatory enzymes and inflammatory mediators in BV2 microglia. C. Y. Ragasa, E. S. Javier, I. G. Tan. carcinoma (Bcap-37), human colon carcinoma (RKO), human hepatocellular carcinoma (SMMC-7721), human prostate carcinoma (PC3) and human erythroleukaemia (K562) cells. It has got medicinal properties. Four individual phenolics, such as (+)-catechin, chlorogenic acid, rutin and quercetin were identified and quantified by HPLC. Moreover, the activity of PI3K/Akt was downregulated in trilinolein-treated cells. 7. CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the dissertation work entitled “NEUROPHARMACOLOGICAL EFFECTS OF METHANOLIC EXTRACT OF LEAVES OF AMARANTHUS VIRIDIS.L IN RATS & MICE” submitted by Register Result obtained from this research showed high rate of diversity. The study concluded that the promising antioxidant capacities of A. viridis extract can further be utilized in various agricultural, pharmaceutical, and food applications. 2Chemistry Government Girls Degree College, Sheikh, Malton Mardan, Pakistan. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. Ikenaga T, Matuo M, Ohashi H, 1975. Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. But both categories were used by humans for traditional medicinal purposes, and some of them were extensively studied by modern science. The extensive discussion section will focus mainly (but not only) on studies of active compounds production. Overall, daylily flowers at opening stage possess the highest functional benefit and thus would be the appropriate harvesting stage in view of the nutritional consideration. 1. Amaranthaceae plants -medicinal activities Section C-Review AMARANTHACEAE PLANTS OF ISRAEL AND PALESTINE: MEDICINAL ACTIVITIES AND UNIQUE COMPOUNDS, A Comprehensive Review on the Phytoconstituents from Six Species of the Genus Amaranthus, Metabolites of the Vietnamese Plant Amaranthus viridis, Antinociceptive and Antipyretic Activities of Amaranthus Viridis Linn in Different Experimental Models, Virucidal potential of some edible Nigerian vegetables, Antimutagenic terpenes and sterols from Vitex parviflora, Secondary Metabolites of Cinnamomum cebuense, Antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of Chowlai (Amaranthus viridis L.) leaf and seed extracts, Trilinolein Inhibits Proliferation of Human Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma A549 Through the Modulation of PI3K/Akt Pathway, P9 Inhibition of P-glycoprotein by polyprenol in human breast cancer cells, Amasterol, an ecdysone precursor and a growth inhibitor from Amaranthus viridis, Cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of spinasterol via the induction of heme oxygenase-1 in murine hippocampal and microglial cell lines, Natural Products Derived from Philippine Plants, A new lignan with anti-tumour activity from Polygonum perfoliatum L, Antioxidant properties and involved compounds of daylily flowers in relation to maturity.
2020 amaranthus viridis research