Autumn Olive Jam. How do you stop an invasive species? The term "invasive species" calls to mind images of aggressive animals that tear up landscapes and destroy everything in their path -- wild boar or Asian carp are well-known culprits -- but would you ever think to include berries on that list? Autumn Olives are no longer used on reclamation projects due to their invasive nature. Just know that the longer you wait, the more you will have to compete with birds for your harvest. We analyzed a limited number of samples from narrow geographical areas. Alters nutrient cycling by adding nitrogen to the soil. But besides lycopene autumn berries is also a source of vitamin C (around 28mg/100g), as well as other vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals. Effective. "Really, they are mostly called 'autumn olive' because the silver leaves on a short squat tree resemble Mediterranean olive trees," Kelly told The Huffington Post. Though tomatoes are considered the standard ketchup ingredient, you can make a homemade batch with an extra tang by incorporating autumn olives instead. Autumn Olive berries are loaded with vitamins and minerals, including Vitamins A, C and E. They also boast antioxidants called flavanoids, and natural sugars and proteins. Like other invasive shrubs, autumn olive’… In other words, picking autumn olive berries lets you take advantage of a healthy and plentiful natural food source while potentially aiding the native plants in the same ecological niche. Best of all, you can modify it for any berries you have on hand. Perhaps the biggest expert on autumn berries is Dustin Kelly, the founder, CEO and owner of Autumn Berry Inspired. The leather can be eaten immediately or stored in the fridge or freezer for future use. The autumn olive shrub is easy to identify when it is in flower or once the fruits have matured. Instead, it’s a silvery-leafed shrub that’s native to Asia. Not sure how to eat them? Recipes and more delivered to your inbox! Don’t worry about removing every speck of plant material as the food mill will take care of that step. The berries contain high amounts of carotenoids and lycopene, a bit higher than tomatoes, which studies have shown to help prevent prostate cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, and fight myocardial infarction. I add several scoops of fresh-picked berries to oats accessorized with flax seed powder, chia seeds, peanut butter, and cinnamon to give my breakfast an extra sour kick. autumn olive: medicinal benefits and uses of autumn olive AUTUMN OLIVE, ELAEAGNUS UMBELLATA The autumn olive tree is a member of the Oleaster family of plants, and is native to Asia including the Himalayan region, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, northern China and Japan. Process the jars according to your preferred method, and you’ll end up with about six 8-oz jars of tangy jam. A better option? Next, you’ll boil the berries down at a ratio of eight cups berries to one cup of water. Spoon puree into the bottom of a glass, and top with chilled sparkling wine. Benefits of Autumn Olive Berry. Autumn olive: a potential alternative crop In: J. Maas (Ed. Soil Conservation Service as both a backyard ornamental and a natural form of erosion control around roads and ridges. One Acre Farm shares a recipe for an elegant dessert that uses an autumn olive sauce as a base layer over a hazelnut ... 2. Some people like to strain off this clear juice for drinking and discard the pulp, but it’s an excellent idea to simmer the whole mixture down further if you plan to use it for a recipe. "Of course, nobody should eat a wild food that they are not certain about, and small red berries is definitely a category people should be careful with," Kelly says. All that’s needed are berries, sugar, vodka, and lemon juice, and Martha’s Vineyard Magazine will show you how. Kelly says they can be easily confused with poisonous berries. While this shrub does produce huge amounts of berries eaten by birds and mammals and can thrive on reclaimed mine sites, where pH extremes and high levels of toxic heavy metals are common, these positives do not outweigh the negatives associated with this shrub’s ability to invade and take over natural areas. He describes autumn berry trees as "like Mad Max on some kind of good crank.” The unrelenting spread of the plant over his cattle-grazing pastures has the potential to wipe out his entire livelihood within a decade. You can harvest autumn olive berries as soon as they turn red, though some people prefer to wait a few weeks for them to sweeten. The shrub’s ability to flourish in drought conditions and low-quality soil also made it a popular choice for replanting abandoned strip-mining sites throughout the Appalachian coalfields. First, wash the berries with cold water. Once you have your harvest, it’s time to put it to use. Autumn Olive may be hated, and maybe some of that hatred is warranted, but the reality is that this plant is here now, and probably here to stay. You can use them as a substitute for any berry in your favorite recipe, keeping in mind you may want to adjust the flavoring slightly for some extra sweetness. It was commonly planted for wildlife food and cover. The leaves have a dintinctive silver underside. For most recipes, you will want to prepare the berries into a thick puree. You’ll achieve the best results by pulling out the bushes in midsummer. 1, 2005). “The red berries of autumn olive have a high carotenoid content,” writes Fordham, “and particularly high levels of lycopene (30-70 mg/100g). Channel the taste of a raspberry pie with Northern Woodland’s recipe for an autumn olive tart. The seeds are used as a stimulant in the treatment of coughs. They contain an estimated 18 times more lycopene than tomatoes, an antioxidant celebrated for its anti-cancer benefits and role in prostate health. Not all invasive species are edible, and some included in this series can be dangerous, including lionfish and wild boar. You’ll be left with a thick red juice that might start to separate into a clear liquid with dark pulp on the bottom. Its jewel-toned fruit has no biological connection to your martini olives. No matter—you can sort through everything later. Here’s a great jam recipe from Our One Acre Farm. Make your own from foraged autumn olives by following this basic recipe from Homestead Honey. Unfortunately, the hardy bush soon became an invasive that out-competed native species. Be careful not to confuse honeysuckle with other plants such as woodbine, American ivy, and gelsemium. You're mistaken if you think animals are alone on the invasive species list, because as proven by something as seemingly sweet and innocuous as the "autumn berry," vegetation can be equally threatening to our environment. Health Benefits Autumn Olive is loaded with vitamins and minerals including sugars, proteins, Vitamins A, C, and E, flavanoids, and others. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Once you've acquired some autumn berries, they can be eaten fresh, pureed, frozen, made into jam, fermented into wine … just about any way you can imagine. Autumn olive bushes grow up to twenty feet tall and are among the few non-legume species with nitrogen-fixing properties. 626, pp. While they can be plentiful along the road, it’s best to avoid these berries because of their exposure to car exhaust and other pollutants. Not only is the fruit abundant and easy to find, the tree is an invasive species that is being actively removed from our landscape. These fruits are considered to be beneficial for health over a very long period of time, mainly in China. Everyone loves apple butter, so consider making a similar spread with autumn olives instead. See more ideas about Autumn olive, Olive recipes, Recipes. Autumn Olive Ice Cream Pie. For this reason, it’s essential to take the long view with this edible shrub. You can recognize them by their silver-tinted leaves and red speckled berries that ripen from late August through early November. Autumn olive invades open and forested natural areas, as well as roadsides and agricultural fields. All you need to do is cook down your autumn olive juice into a viscous paste and spread it on the trays of a dehydrator lined with wax paper. "like Mad Max on some kind of good crank.”, 17 times richer in lycopene than an equal serving of tomatoes. It is a very healthy fruit to consume. Senior Editor of Food and Style, HuffPost. Elaeagnus umbellata is known as Japanese silverberry, umbellata oleaster, autumn olive, autumn elaeagnus, or spreading oleaster. Now for the health benefits of autumn olive berries. 4. The ripe berries from mature trees make awesome jelly for the pantry. ©2020 Verizon Media. So it is actually impressive that we know so much about the benefits of the autumn olive berry. Lycopene has powerful antioxidant properties, making it of interest for nutraceutical use.” The berries also contain high levels of vitamins A, C and E, and flavonoids and essential fatty acids. Concoct a refreshing alcoholic drink this fall with fresh autumn olive berries. More "The important thing is to recognize the leaves with silver undersides in an alternating pattern and matte (not shiny) berries with speckles, and not confuse them with the invasive tartarian honeysuckle, which has all green leaves in pairs and shiny berries without speckles.". It requires at least two cups of berry pulp. Autumn olive is very high in lycopene, a carotenoid with many potential health benefits. It is native to Europe and parts of Africa and Asia. Relieve cold. Health Benefits of Autumn Olive Interestingly, Autumn Olive fruit has a high fatty acid content, which is not common in fruits. Add a tang to your fall baking projects by incorporating autumn olive berries in your cookies. Autumn Olive Oatmeal. Despite its value as a late-season fruit, there are ample reasons to work towards eradicating autumn olive on your property if you prioritize biological diversity. Autumn berries, also known as the autumn olive, are the small red fruit of the autumn olive tree (Elaeagnus umbellata), which was imported from Asia to North America as an ornamental tree in the 1830s. Once you find a promising patch, the berries will practically harvest themselves. On a piece of land where 20 cows could once graze, now a single cow can't walk without being entangled in autumn berry trees. Most leaves, twigs, insects, and rotten berries will float to the top and can be scooped away before you rinse what remains through a colander. A few years ago I contacted a researcher who was working with Autumn Olive for food uses to see if there were any concerns about eating the seeds. 429-431). While this invasive bush is likely here to stay, you can take steps towards slowing its spread to improve habitat space for native plants. However, Horn points out that Autumn Olives are one of the first trees to bloom, usually in March. One of the easiest ways to preserve your autumn olive harvest is through a homemade jam. It secured its environmental niche by leafing out earlier in the spring and staying alive slightly longer in the fall than its competitors. The fruits are believed to be able to reduce cholesterol. Please take caution when foraging or hunting for your own food. Together with her husband, she manages a diverse 34-acre property with a large garden, fruit trees, hayfields, native plant nurseries, and a myriad of animals including American guinea hogs, Nigerian dwarf goats, and too many chickens to count. Autumn Olive Tart. The classification is quite interesting actually," he says. Autumn Olive is a deciduous shrub that can grow quite tall. Leuven, Belgium: International Society for Horticultural Science. In the case of autumn berries, their biggest assets are their myriad health benefits and culinary uses. In both woodland and grassland areas, autumn olive can gain a foothold by sprouting faster than native plants after natural and human-managed fires. Whether you have whole berries or juice, here are 11 recipe ideas to get you started. Once the berries have broken down, you can run them through a food mill to remove the seeds and stems. Lydia Noyes is a content writer and hobby farmer in southwest Michigan. Copyright © 2020 Rural Sprout on the Seasoned Pro Theme, How To Make A Plantain Tincture + 8 Ways To Use This Healing Plant, Foraging, Eating And Preserving Ramsons (Wild Garlic), 5 Delicious Recipes For 5 Easy To Forage Plants. Medicinal use of Autumn Olive: The flowers are astringent, cardiac and stimulant. Stimulant. — Good For Prostate Health ( Lycopene Is Associated With A Reduced Risk Of Prostate Cancer) — High Levels Of Valuable Vitamins, Including Vitamins A, C, And E. — High Levels Of Other Nutrients, Including Flavonoids And Essential Fatty Acids. This story is part of "Eat The Enemy," a HuffPost series on edible invasive species, non-native plants and animals you can help contain from the comfort of your dinner table. It thrives along roadsides, meadows, and forest edges, usually choking out native species in the process. They've spread their nitrogen-fixing roots all across America as an invasive species, with the exception of a few states (Connecticut, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and West Virginia) that only classify them as noxious weeds. Anticancer. (Clinton, 1998), the autumn olive fruit, a new dietary source of lycopene and related caro-tenoids, may be worthy of clinical trials to assess its health benefits. Another option is to prune off the berry-laden branches altogether and pick the fruit from them at your leisure. Its new name, “autumnberry”, sounds more palatable than autumn olive. Nonetheless, consider planting native plants in the space to fill the ecological niche. You may finally eradicate a patch, only to have birds deposit seeds there again the next season. 3. Best of all, taking time to harvest this berry may slow down its spread because you reduce the number of seeds available for birds to eat and subsequently replant. You want the plant to have invested lots of energy into above-ground growth, but to get to them before the fruit ripens. You’ll save lots of time if you hold a wide-mouthed harvesting bucket under a branch and run your fingers over it to strip the fruit. And also because the boiling process kills the seeds, preventing propagation of this invasive plant. There are so many reasons why Autumn olive is such a forager’s delight, including: There are so many fruits per bush that you can quickly harvest gallons of fruit; Autumn olives are high in lycopene, a carotenoid with many potential health benefits; The fruit is delicious; Autumn olives are abundant across much of the United States. It’s a prolific producer, as one bush can produce more than 200,000 seeds and gallons of fruit each fall. In fact, autumn olive seeds won’t germinate unless they are first digested. Autumn olive is well established across the Mid-Atlantic due to its extensive intentional planting to provide wildlife food and revegetate mine spoils in the mid-1900s. This post may contain affiliate links. But here’s the good news—its berries are nutritious, easy to pick, and can be used in dozens of recipes. The carotenoid values from this study may not be representative for autumn olive fruit collectively. At this stage, they are perfect for fresh eating or in any recipe that calls for cherries, currants, or raspberries. Goumi Health Benefits. Health benefits of the autumn olive. Kelly says this might be due to the fact that autumn berries aren't in fact a berry at all: "Autumn berries are actually a 'drupe' like apricots, almonds, and cherries, coconuts and olives. Autumn Olive Fruit … Action of Autumn Olive. The autumn olive bush produces little fruits, or berries, each one containing a seed. The flush of yellow waxy blooms provides over wintered bees with much needed food; and results in a spring production of Autumn Olive honey. This distinctive fruit bursts with a sour tang and bitter tannins early in the season, though the berries tend to sweeten after the season’s first frost. The expressed oil from the seeds is used in the treatment of pulmonary affections. All that’s needed is to cook down your strained juice until it gets thick enough to spread. In this case, olive leaves tea offers the ability to boost your energy without caffeine involvement.
2020 autumn olive health benefits