Just to know my tiling window mangers better. Also, I really like using a manual tiling wm, rather than a dynamic one. It works with your existing i3 configuration and supports most of i3's features, plus a few extras. And there's no good way to get the keyboard centered in your work area. They offer unique functionality, e.g. if i wanted to run it on a pi zero. I also like having a simple shell script to update the status bar. Set the terminal tags to tiling, everything else to floating if you like. In the question“What are the best window managers for Linux?” i3 is ranked 1st while dwm is ranked 2nd. There are two important differences, imho: dwm stacking vs. i3 containers (trees): dwm's main layout is a master:slave stacking layout (you can change the master:slave ratio on the fly, but you can't have recursive [master:slave]:slave type structures); i3 is much more flexible, allowing you to create any arbitrary nest of containers, and to change them on the fly. Configuring dwm is straight-forward thanks to its config.h file (though it will have to be rebuilt for the effects to take place). You don't really learn much from using dwm over using i3. i3 permits tabbing through windows by turning on Tab mode with $mod+w.This shortcut can be changed in config file. edit flag offensive delete link more add a comment. As light and simple as can be (run an ldd $(whereis dwm)). When comparing i3 vs spectrwm, the Slant community recommends i3 for most people. Tell us what you’re passionate about to get your personalized feed and help others. much cleaner config syntax. What are the best tiling window managers for Linux? Before I gave up on tilers altogether, I thought it was a sweet deal (being a fan of wmii). Sure, for most desktop environments today it's possible to create keyboard shortcuts to arrange windows to the left, right, top, bottom or full screen, but with dwm it's just one less thing to think about. Working with i3 is similar to working with the terminal, however, it was designed to be faster and more efficient in many ways. In this video, we show how to create a "mouse mode", so that we can close, minimize using buttons. Nothing in i3 remotely compares, Less screen waste, the title bar and status bar are merged. There are, of course, dwm patches for more complicated layouts, though. Ranging from custom keyboard shortcuts to placement of opened apps, it is up to the user as to how they would like their window manager to behave. Just that will dramatically reduce the amount of times you will need a rebuild. I just find that I don't seem to need all the cool tiling options it has. The default is easy to change if you only want the stacking mode, then it becomes the lightest full-featured stacking WM around. It actually has to do with the physical orientation of laptops and my desktop....the "main" section is on the side of the screen. For manual tiling, I tried i3 and just didn't get along with it. To this end, dwm is kept under 2000 SLOC, and is an exemplar of clean, readable code (C). There is no config file that can be edited after the window manager is compiled: all changes need to be made prior to compiling. I'm an i3 wm user for about 2 months, I think. When comparing dwm vs i3, the Slant community recommends i3 for most people. I3 is fast. Dwm is a low-resource window manager that is entirely simplistic in design. swallow or fakefullscreen, that is not seen in many other WMs. i3 is primarily targeted at advanced users and developers. I used dwm and like it. In dwm, most of the time I assign one tag to each window, meaning I'm using the tag system like workspaces in i3. Except for that, dwm is a really fun to use window manager. Even though it's the first one I had to recompile for every change I make. That will feel insane to some but i3 now feels kind of unnecessarily bloated and restricted for my needs. It's been three weeks since I switched from qtile to i3 for my window manager. Lustre recommends the best products at their lowest prices – right on Amazon. Obviously, your preferences may be different if that's not the case for you. Sorry for that. When comparing dwm vs i3, the Slant community recommends i3 for most people. This makes it rather easy to recommend i3 to other people without worrying whether or not they have the knowledge to configure it as it can be read by anyone without prior knowledge. This makes it pain to play games on laptops using discrete GPU. I liked i3 quite a lot and used it for a time. This allows programs to use the entire screen.NOTE: Default config has window title bar enabled so there is a little screen space lose on the top of the screen. What are the best window managers for Linux? I've used both for over a year, and I really prefer i3. Slant is powered by a community that helps you make informed decisions. verb /rīs/ to make a desktop environment or window manager visually attractive ; Can you teach me how to rice i3? Window managers have this same split. Dwm has support for XRandR and Xinerama, allowing for multi-monitor support. A simple command and it's done in seconds. Press question mark to learn the rest of the keyboard shortcuts. There's even a keybinding for temporarily assigning all windows to the current tag, i.e. BSPWM vs dwm , i3 , awesome. I try out bspwm, herbstluftwm, and monsterwm. Basic knowledge of C language, general programming, and compilation are all required. But overall, unless you're using an ultrawide that's off-center on your desk or one of the gaming laptops with a numberpad, I think manual tiling WMs are the way to go. In response to questions about my preferred window manager and ricing, here's what I currently use: dwm. Any commentary will be appreciated. But I still don't understand the differences between tabs (Mod+w) vs stacks (Mod+s). i3 actually does more of what I need in a more streamlined fashion. Do you want automatic or manual tiling? In i3, I used to have an audio mode for adjusting my volume, a gaps mode for gaps, a "passthrough" mode for disabling i3 bindings, etc. I believe the second best that I used over i3 would be bspwm even though you have a separated keyboard config file. https://dwm.suckless.org ----- RICE def. Setting up bspwm is much more of a headache due to developers assuming things are clearer than they are. The functionality simply isn't there and the dev refuses to include it as a part of i3 core. In response to questions about my preferred window manager and ricing, here's what I currently use: dwm. The user keeps their hands in one spot (most of the time). Dwm is part of the suckless suite of tools, and encourages users to extend and configure it by modifying the code itself. … dwm is blazing fast. What are the best desktop environments for Arch Linux? The most important reason people chose i3 is: One of the biggest attractions of i3 is that it can be configured just about any way the user likes. I tried FrankenWM and fall in love with it. In the question “What are the best window managers for Linux?” i3 is ranked 1st while dwm is ranked 2nd. All things Linux and GNU/Linux -- this is neither a community exclusively about the kernel Linux, nor is exclusively about the GNU operating system. i3 can allow for the user to manage floating windows. Floating mode can be toggled by pressing $mod+Shift+Space. Can't access it offline unless you download the page. One will find that the mouse is used less and less, making navigation quicker over time. The user must move panels manually and may indeed end up spending time on that rather than on working with the application. The killer feature for dwm, as with Awesome and xmonad, is the part where the tool automatically arranges the windows for you, filling the entire space of your screen. i3 is configured through a plaintext configuration file. But, a fork of monsterwm call FrankenWM, much improvements. I went back and forth between dwm and i3 before finally settling onto dwm. That is a common issue with laptops which renders some programs in discrete GPU but passes the frames through integrated GPU to display. i3 allows for stacking of windows in its environment. I tried DWM … The developer refuses to allow this feature. Sometimes I do have multiple tags for a window, and I'm wondering if that can be done in i3. If you want automatic tiling, I don't think there's a better option than DMW...but my preferences come directly from the fact that I have a lot more experience with c than the languages other automatic tiling WMs are written in. pulling all windows into the current view. I really like herbstluftwm. The Core m3 is good for low-energy tablets and laptops. Just two hot keys: Shift+Super+C to reload the config and Shift+Super+R to restart (which takes less than one second). Within those three different categories are even more subcategories. dwm is harder to ricing then other Tiling Window Managers. Dwm divides the screen into a master and a stack area. I have trouble choosing between i3wm or DWM, I spent few days on DWM after using i3wm for a while, although it does look ugly (without ricing), I see a lot of positive response towards DWM, it being a suckless tool. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. The most important reason people chose i3 is: One of the biggest attractions of i3 is that it can be configured just about any way the user likes. The dwm status bar can be set to display all kinds of useful information, such as volume level, wifi signal strength, and battery notification. dwm is a dynamic window manager for X. What are the best Linux tiling window managers with high DPI support for retina displays. Plus, I also already use st, dmenu, and slock, so using dwm just sort of feels right. The layout isn't automatic. So, in dwm, there's a default binding that lets you quickly view a window that is 'in' another tag by temporarily assigning it to the currently viewed tag, rather than jumping to another tag and then back (it's a bit like pulling the window into view, then pushing it back). What are the best Linux tiling window managers for developers? Pro. i3 我没深入用过，说一下 dwm 以及它的 forks。 dwm 的设计思想是 stacking，新创建的窗口放到栈顶，而越接近栈顶的区域屏幕面积越大。 在默认的 layout 中，放在栈顶的窗口面积是屏幕的一半（位于左侧），其它的窗口放到屏幕的另一半（位于右侧），也就是… Sometimes this is necessary, even when the Dev rejects feature requests. Still, it just takes 5s if a rebuild is required... That it's NOT a tiler, it's whatever you want (press alt-F, now is a stacker, alt-T, now a tiler...). I much prefer herbstluftwm and it's scripting interface. I used dwm for about 2 months prior to getting into i3. (In i3, you can do something similar with marks, but I never figured it out.) awesome is a free and open-source next-generation tiling manager for X built to be fast … Linux window managers are plentiful and can be very different from what most users are used to in the mainstream computing world. i3 is the best, I would say. Restarts pick up new versions of i3 or the updated config file, so you can upgrade to a newer version or quickly see the changes to i3 without quitting your X session. There are three layouts to choose from: tile, monocle, and floating. I've settled for DWM after some time on i3. No, they're not just virtual desktops. Seems good enough I want to use it on my computer at work. make check runs the i3 testsuite. In case this causes any trouble when packaging i3 for your distribution, please open an issue. awesome. i3's superb window management. i3 is a tiling window manager designed for X11, inspired by wmii and written in C. It supports tiling, stacking, and tabbing layouts, which it handles dynamically. ratpoison. i3 has plain-text configuration, meaning that no lua or haskell is needed. This, while giving users all the flexibility they could ask for, also makes dwm as lightweight as possible, and means that users have a full understanding of how it works. I like it more than dwm as it supports scratchpad much better than dwm patch. And if your in it for that go for it. All external contributions require a thorough code review to guarantee a certain level of quality. awesome. I try out monsterwm and really didn't like it. What are the most user friendly advanced window managers on Linux? My first advise is to run sxhkd so you can manage the hotkeys without rebuilding anything. I3 = has window decoration and tabbed mode...WEIRD! But, it looks like i3 dominates them all. Will try these later on; dwm. The m series processors serve a different use than the core i series. And i3 has been great. And in third place of Tiling Window Managers I used. Manual vs Automatic. You may run dmenuwith: i3 is a tiling window manager, completely written from scratch.The target platforms are GNU/Linux and BSD operating systems, our code is Free and Open Source Software (FOSS) under the BSD license. This can get annoying when you have multiple windows in the same workspace. Also, as others have mentioned, dwm tags are far more flexible than workspaces. It enables the user to never have to take their hands off the keyboard, meaning that they can use their computer quickly and efficiently. We use the AX_ENABLE_BUILDDIR macro to enforce builds happening in a separate directory. Screen area is not wasted by window decorations. Some window managers tile, some stack, and some float. Stick-shift drivers in automobiles would describe driving an automatic car as “boring”. Thanks to the small codebase, many users contributed patches to the suckless website. RandR provides more information about your outputs and connected screens than Xinerama does. It has a lot of useful patches which feel like they should've been shipped dwm source itself. See docs/testsuite for details. I used it happily for a few years. 6 years ago. Install the dmenu package, or dmenu-gitAURfor the development version. There are, of course, dwm patches for more complicated layouts, though. With the pertag patch, each tag can be set as floating or tiling. Limiting myself to the core features of dwm has actually improved my workflow (I think). This is a prerequisite for the AX_EXTEND_SRCDIR macro and building in a separate directory is common practice anyway. This way the user can take advantage of tiling as well as floating windows, all in the same session. It would be best if this were built-in however. Every feature is thoroughly documented (including examples), and documentation is kept up-to-date. Sway allows you to arrange your application windows logically, rather than spatially. RICE def. It's clean codes and it's not really hard to learn. While we wouldn’t recommend using i3 if you’re a beginner, experienced Linux users should find it very interesting and fun to work with. You have to pick and choose which workspaces go where, which effectively halves the number of workspaces you have. Hi there, just installed i3 on my laptop to try it out. In addition, i3 comes with some features out of the box, like scratchpads (for which you need a patch in dwm). An example of this is the application of alt-tab to switch between two tags. Configuration is nearly automatic and simple, which can be really helpful to beginners. i3 vs bspwm vs dwm vs XMonad vs ... dwm's design paradigm is to use tags to group clients (applications) that can then be pulled into a view (workspace); this allows you to view multiple clients at once and to assign or reassign those tags and their related views on the fly. There is a manual workaround though. You can do it on a desktop, but the whole workspace feels lopsided when you do. It's just less convenient. When usin… Contrary to most other window managers, when you view a tag you are not ‘visiting’ a workspace: you are pulling the tagged windows into a single workspace. You could use DWM for the normal suckless reasons (low SLOC count, fast (xcb), hackable), but if you're looking for a "fast" tiler, you're just being redundant whatever you choose (unless you're using sway and something's really wrong with your graphics setup). As for ricing complexity, Fedora has a extra package (dwm-user) that makes it dead simple to configure dwm. Splitting a window in half to make room is really convenient and lets me avoid windows getting a strange aspect ratio if too many are on the screen. You can use a workaround - a shell script to config parts on demand. dwm tags vs. i3 workspaces: in dwm, windows are assigned to 1 or more tags; in i3, windows occupy just a single workspace (by default). i'd only consider dwm if i were EXTREMELY constrained for resources, e.g. It is neither bloated nor fancy. dwm is really lightweight (low memory footprint) and runs on efficient C code (so does i3 I believe). All that being said, I decided to stick with dwm because it's super slim and stable, and I realized I just don't need all the features that i3 has. One thing I sort of wish that dwm had, which i3 has, is modes. For questions that are not answered by the i3 user guide, because they concern tools outside of i3 for example, there is the community question & answer site. Thankfully it takes about 5 seconds to compile being so few lines of code. Remember that Openbox is also highly configurable and you can make it work pretty much as a tiler as well. It's easy to configure and stable. Sway is a tiling Wayland compositor and a drop-in replacement for the i3 window manager for X11. frankenwm. Most of these dynamic window managers (xmonad, awesome, dwm, i3) can even handle floating Windows. But, again, preference is preference and it doesn't matter. This makes possible opening set of most used apps with 1 shortcut always on the same screens. Window Managers are X clients that control the frames around where graphics are drawn (what is inside a window). Tags system. In any case, you can't really go wrong with either one. User can assign specific workspaces to specific displays as well as apps to workspaces. To be specific, the code which handled on-the-fly screen reconfiguration (meaning without restarting the X server) was a very messy heuristic approach and most of the time did not work correctly — that is just not possible with the limited information that Xinerama offers (just a list of screen resolutions and no identifiers for the screens or any additional information). Maybe once a year? There are few seconds blank at the beginning of video. Has a steep learning curve for beginners. DWM more inconvenient to rice b/c always have to recompile w/ every change. I prefer dwm since it takes care of the windows for you. Unlike XMonad or Awesome, i3 can't be configured in a turing complete language, so it is much harder to alter its core functionality to do exactly what the user wants. You can freely (and really easily) customise the windows layout exactly how you want it. Dwm's design paradigm is to use tags to group clients (applications) that can then be pulled into a view (workspace); this allows you to view multiple clients at once and to assign or reassign those tags and their related views on the fly. Just seen another note about a distro featuring such a window manager: Awesome has been around for a few years now, but may be gaining some visibility now that Sabayon Linux has added an awesome edition.Guest author Koen Vervloesem has been using awesome for a number of years, and subscribers can click below for his look at the window manager from this week's edition. Still it's a fun challenge. It is designed to be simple and efficient. Press J to jump to the feed. You can configure i3 so that your keys for moving windows is similar to vim, for example, M-j to move the window down. Using it is pretty intuitive, but configuring it is less so (but, they have solid documentation on the i3 website). i3: C: Text: Dynamic: i3bar: Yes (Layout is preserved) text piped to i3bar (i3status/conky and others can be used) External: tree, v-split, h-split, stacked, tabbed, max, can be nested infinitely: None, 1-pix or 2-pix, optional titlebars, can hide edge borders: commands via ipc (or i3-msg, which uses ipc) XCB: n regions: Yes: Active LeftWM: Rust The main drawback is the need to compile the source and log back in again after a change in configuration. You edit the source and compile a binary (besides for window titles and such, all input data is known at compile time). Configuration is achieved via plain text file and extending i3 is possible using its Unix domain socket and JSON based IPC interface from many programming languages.. Like wmii, i3 uses a control system very similar to that of vi. The "issue" I have with it is common to all automatic tiling WMs. Keyboard shortcut based navigation can seem daunting at first, but one quickly gets used to it. Combined with rules in the config.h, this makes for a flexible and responsive means to manage your workflow. dwm stacking vs. i3 containers (trees): dwm's main layout is a master:slave stacking layout (you can change the master:slave ratio on the fly, but you can't have recursive [master:slave]:slave type structures); i3 is much more flexible, allowing you to create any arbitrary nest of containers, and to change them on the fly.