Striae distensae: A comprehensive review and evidence-based evaluation of prophylaxis and treatment. Stretch marks, also called striae, are scars that are associated with the skin being stretched and thinned, which causes the elastic fibers to break. Stretch marks rarely cause physical symptoms that require treatment. The exact cause of male stretch marks isn’t known, though it’s thought that they develop when testosterone levels drop during puberty. These marks are initially red or purple in color, but gradually fades to off-white or grey with silvery outline of the stretch marks. You may be more likely to get them if you: are pregnant – read more about stretch marks in pregnancy; are going through puberty; lose or gain weight quickly; are female; are overweight; use some kinds of steroid creams or tablets Stretch marks usually appear in a bluish or purplish color. They often fade but don't usually disappear. Cunningham FG, et al. Stretch marks and treatment efficacies. Rapid growth frequently causes stretch marks. As you age, the tissue and structure of your breasts begin to change. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. Stretch marks can materialize on any fraction of the body—in a woman’s stomach when she is pregnant, in a body builder’s shoulders due to weightlifting—all this is brought about by the skin stretching. What Causes Stretch Marks? If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. There are several ways to improve the appearance of stretch marks: Medical procedures and prescription medicines aren’t guaranteed to cure stretch marks, and they can be expensive. Stretch marks occur when skin gets overstretched. This is what leads to those lines that are a form of scarring. 2015;73:699. There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. See our safe care and visitor guidelines, plus trusted coronavirus information. Causes of stretch marks, in this case, may remain the same for either type. During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. Applying a self-tanning gel or lotion may help to reduce stretch marks' appearance. WHO IS MOST AT RISK OF GETTING STRETCH MARKS ON THEIR BREASTS? Over time they may diminish, but will not disappear completely. Although stretch marks are more commonly viewed as a women’s issue, as we have mentioned, men are also susceptible to get them. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD000066.pub2/abstract.Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Al-Himdani S, et al. Women are far more likely to develop stretch marks, in general. Dermatologic Surgery. See how to do it right, to avoid bad side…. Darker-skinned individuals may experience skin discoloration. A variety of factors impact their severity, including genetics, stress on the skin and cortisone levels—cortisone is a hormone that weakens elastic fibers within the skin. Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, Book: Mayo Clinic Guide to a Healthy Pregnancy, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter. Since we have stretch marks forming on different body parts, the article will narrow down to address the subcategories of stretch marks depending on their area of appearance. As a result, many women develop stretch marks around the belly. Today I just want to give you a clearer understanding of what stretch marks are and how you may be able to avoid it. Remember that the severity of the stretchmarks may vary depending on the skin type, genetic factors, skin elasticity, and cortisol levels. Many factors can trigger the appearance of stretch marks. Pregnancy also causes the skin on the stomach to stretch. Although some people might find stretch marks unsightly, they're nothing to be ashamed of -- they're completely normal and quite common. Pregnancy is one of the most well-known factors behind stretch marks, as well as puberty—it’s common knowledge that sudden weight gain is a key reason. Over time they may diminish, but will not disappear completely. These chemicals may have damaged cells in the skin. Home Remedies for Stretch Marks: 5 Ingredients to Try, Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, Dermarolling Is the Prickly Time Machine That’ll Erase Your Scars and Stretch Marks, Debra Sullivan, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., CNE, COI, Everything You Need to Know About Cocoa Butter, 10 Moisturizers for Dry Skin: Tips and Ingredients to Look For, The Third Trimester of Pregnancy: Skin Changes, The Second Trimester of Pregnancy: Changes in Skin, Vision, and Gums. The marks are purplish-red at first, turning white and pearly over time. Stretch marks happen when skin changes shape rapidly due to growth or weight gain. The main cause of a stretch mark appearing on a particular part of the body is mainly due to the skin of that body part being stretched. These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. Many factors can trigger the appearance of stretch marks. Pulsed dye laser therapy encourages the growth of collagen and elastin. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. Stretch marks typically appear as bands of parallel lines on your skin. The hormonal and physiologic changes during pregnancy are unique in the life of women. They don’t discriminate. Anetoderma and other atrophic disorders of the skin. Stretch marks are your body's natural response to growth. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Hexsel D, et al. Puberty. They’re common in pregnancy, but anyone can…, Dermarolling, aka microneedling, is the art of erasing unwanted acne scars, wrinkles, and stretch marks. Scarring causes stretch marks to develop. Cushing syndrome causes elevated cortisol levels, which leads to rapid weight gain. In: Williams Obstetrics. It is an unbalance of this hormone that causes stretch marks to appear as your skin loses its elasticity. There are many products and procedures that promise to remove stretch marks, but there aren’t any that have proven effective so far. Hormone imbalances from birth through adulthood. All rights reserved. What medical treatments are available for stretch marks? Stretching results in a breakdown of the connective tissue, inflammation, and scar formation as the injury begins to heal. Certain conditions can cause stretch marks, such as Marfan syndrome and Cushing's syndrome. Here’s a look at why and how. Stretch marks, or striae distensae, are bands of linear scars that occur due to the overextension of the skin. If an individual gains weight rapidly, he or she may develop them. Gotu kola. 2014;32:193. Dermatologic Clinics. After losing weight, the skin is no longer overstretched and the marks may become less obvious, but like all scars, they do not disappear completely. 2014;9:e97493. This content does not have an English version. What causes stretch marks? Who is at risk for developing stretch marks? 2012;66(suppl):AB29. No matter the cause, dry, itchy skin is annoying and the…. This content does not have an Arabic version. Treatment can make stretch marks fade, but it won't completely remove them. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Stretch marks are often caused by sudden growth or weight gain. 2014;34:1050. What causes stretch marks? There’s no way to prevent stretch marks completely, even if you regularly use lotions and creams. https://naturalmedicines.therapeuticresearch.com/. Other factors that makes teens predisposed to stretch marks appearing include a genetic risk or family history of stretch marks, pregnancy, being overweight or obese, or taking a cortisol medication. Superficial dermabrasion versus topical tretinoin on early striae distensae: A randomized, pilot study. Stretch marks are stripes that appear on the body during periods of sudden growth or hormonal change. Work with your doctor to avoid gaining too much by eating well and exercising. New insights on keloids, hypertrophic scars and striae. These lines commonly appear during or after pregnancy or after a sudden change in your weight. When your skin stretches a hormone is produced called cortisone. When the body's elastic fibers deep beneath the epidermis becomes damaged these scars can appear. Cortisone — a hormone produced by the adrenal glands — weakens elastic fibers in the skin. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Treatment of Skin Disease: Comprehensive Therapeutic Strategies. Tsai TL, et al. Stretch marks are formed when the elastic mid layer of the skin known as the dermis gets stretched. In pregnant women, the most common areas for stretch marks are the belly, breasts, hips and thighs. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Weight gain during training for sporting events may also cause stretch marks as well. Water helps to keep the skin hydrated, which can help to keep stretch marks soft and supple, meaning they are … It's the scarring that causes stretch marks to appear. Stretch marks may occur during various phases of life, may be related to increased cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal glands) secretion or be associated with increased body mass. Discover what they are here. Stretch marks can affect just about anyone. they have a tendency to … During pregnancy or puberty, the hormone levels tend to change as adrenal glands secrete more of glucocorticoids. Weight gain during training for sporting events may also cause stretch marks as well. Picard D, et al. Stretch marks are your skin’s natural response to sudden growth or stretching. Lebwohl MG, et al. Stretch marks are common in pregnant women, especially during the last trimester. Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. What Causes Stretch Marks? Cortisone is a hormone naturally produced by your adrenal glands. What causes stretch marks? Genetics, clinical features and diagnosis of Marfan syndrome and related disorders. Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . Causes of Stretch Marks on Legs. They vary depending on how long you've had them, what caused them, where they are on your body, and the type of skin you have. People with Marfan's syndrome are also prone to developing the scars when young. You can have stretch marks just about anywhere, but they’re most common on your stomach, breasts, upper arms, thighs, and buttocks. While stretch marks are not dangerous, they can create itching or burning sensations, which can cause discomfort. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Causes Of Stretch Marks In Children. During pregnancy you'll gain weight over a relatively brief period. What causes stretch marks? Stretch Marks Causes and Risk Factors Stretch marks happen when your body grows quickly for any reason. Stretch marks aren’t dangerous, and they often disappear over time. Brennan M, et al. When stretch marks first appear, they tend to be red, purple, pink, reddish-brown, or dark brown, depending on your skin color. International Journal of Cosmetic Science. If you have stretch marks on your stomach, but are not pregnant, nor have you ever been, you’re not alone. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Make a donation. 4th ed. Stretch marks: The occurrence of lines on the skin caused by prolonged stretching of the skin. Teenagers may also notice stretch marks after a sudden growth spurt. Sudden weight gain. 1. The most common cause of stretch marks is pregnancy, and pregnancy-associated stretch marks are medically known as striae gravidarum. During any of these events, your skin will fluctuate quickly, resulting in the appearance of stretch marks. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. Oral and topical corticosteroids can also cause stretch marks. Stretch marks seem as linear streaks on the skin that has been overstretched, and that they run perpendicular to most lines of tension within the skin. Although it is a very common condition, particularly among women, it is still a skin condition that most would like to avoid. Stretch marks sometimes appear when you rapidly gain or lose weight. Stretch marks are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body, such as during puberty or pregnancy. Stretch marks in children are produced when the collagen, a type of protein which keeps the skin elastic is not able to cope up with growth of the child. Topical preparations for preventing stretch marks in pregnancy. It’s best to use this therapy on newer stretch marks. Stretch marks can materialize on any fraction of the body—in a woman’s stomach when she is pregnant, in a body builder’s shoulders due to weightlifting—all this is brought about by the skin stretching. White and red stretch marks are the two distinctive classes of stretch marks. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. British Journal of Dermatology. However, some people dislike their appearance and may feel self-conscious if the marks are conspicuous. Several genetic disorders make it easier for stretch marks to form. Use of a specific anti-stretch mark cream for preventing or reducing the severity of striae gravidarum. You may notice changes in your skin, vision, and gums. Just about anyone can develop it but as mentioned before, women are much more likely to … Stretch marks or striae, are lesions that tend to form in the dermis during periods of hormonal flux, with weight gain or loss, pregnancy, and other periods of hormone change. In pregnancy they usually form during the last trimester, and usually on the belly, but also commonly occur on the breasts, thighs, hips, lower back and buttocks; these are known as striae g Compared to stretch marks from other causes, those caused by … Stretch marks are your skin’s natural response to sudden growth or stretching. While stretch marks may appear red or purple when they first develop, they will fade to almost flesh-toned over time. Extreme stretching can cause purple or red scars due to changes in the connective tissues and collagen fibers within the skin. A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Fractional photothermolysis is similar to pulsed dye laser therapy in that it uses a. Drink six to eight glasses of water per day. Stretch marks: Introduction. 2014;40:537. The scar-like marks on the skin can have many causes; sometimes they're preventable but, more often, they're not. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Your doctor can help determine the cause of the stretch marks and discuss treatment options. Skin changes and diseases in pregnancy. There are a few common causes of stretch marks, such as growth spurts (especially due to puberty), weight gain, pregnancy, and weight loss. Pregnancy, puberty, and rapid weight gain can all cause stretch marks. Sometimes, stretch marks feel itchy or sore. The result is stretching of skin in various region of the body. Randomized, double-blind, controlled trial. Once you give birth, that is when the lines appear. Stretch marks are caused by any extreme stretching of the skin. Skin conditions and rashes can occur at any time throughout your pregnancy. Other possible causes include: Exposure to chemicals such as pesticides or insecticides during childhood and adolescence. Stretch marks can happen when your skin stretches a lot in a short space of time. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Let us know the reason for stretch … Their severity is affected by several factors, including your genetic tendency, degree of stress on the skin and cortisone level. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. Applying self-tanning lotion to your stretch marks is a temporary way to minimize the difference in color between your normal skin and your stretch marks. Stretch marks on your back, as with any location, occur once the skin has been stretched too far. Both men and women can get them. Stretch marks can occur due to a number of different reasons in both men and women, the most common of which are puberty and rapid weight gain (and pregnancy in women). In: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. MacGregor JL, et al. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. While it’s a type of scarring that…, Stretch marks look like indented streaks in your skin. Causes of Stretch Marks. Aesthetic Surgery Journal. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. Rapid weight change is a possible cause of stretch marks (as discussed above), which is one reason why stretch marks can develop as a result of pregnancy. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Unfortunately, not everyone can avoid it. 1. What Causes Stretch Marks. 2013;35:233. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Stretch marks can cover large areas of the body, but it happens rarely. Ud-Din S, et al. Stretching of the skin during weight gain and loss leads to stretch mark formation. No one’s first in line to show off their stretch marks. What causes stretch marks? Stretch, basically, are thin streaks or lines and are long and that appears on the skin. Many women experience stretch marks during pregnancy as the skin stretches in numerous ways to make room for the developing baby. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Bright streaks that fade to a lighter color, Streaks on the abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks or thighs, Having a personal or family history of stretch marks, Being pregnant, especially for younger women, Having Cushing's syndrome, Marfan syndrome or certain other genetic disorders. Stretch marks are your body's natural response to growth. Marfan syndrome can lead to decreased elasticity in … New stretch marks are bright red, blue, black or purple. The result is skin being pulled and stretched causing stretch marks. Stretch marks, also known as Striae or Striae distensae, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue. See detailed information below for a list of 14 causes of Stretch marks, Symptom Checker, including diseases and drug side effect causes. Because stretch marks occur when the skin grows too quickly, exercising can prevent a teenager from gaining fat that can cause stretch marks to expand 4. Let us say you just got pregnant, the elasticity of the skin will be pushed further. Sudden weight gain. Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. The following treatments may be given to improve the appearance of stretchmarks. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. This causes the elastic fibers just under the surface of the skin to break, resulting in stretch marks. Causes and Risk Factors. Stretching leads to a breakdown of connective tissue, inflammation, and then scar formation as the injury heals. 2014;170:527. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Causes for Stretch Marks on Stomach Other Than Pregnancy. The risk factors for the formation of stretch marks include females, pregnant women, both boys and girls in teens and people with certain genetic diseases. they start as flat red lines, and they appear as slightly depressed white streaks over time. Stretch marks are scars on the skin, which occurs when the collagen fibers and elastin tear during conditions like pregnancy, puberty, quick weight gain or sudden weight loss. STRETCH MARKS are caused by tearing of the dermis during periods of rapid growth of the body including puberty or pregnancy. Common causes of stretch marks include weight gain, pregnancy, and bodybuilding as your body changes or grows rapidly. These are the most common causes of stretch marks. Stretch marks are very common and do not just affect pregnant women. Stretch marks are a result of skin stretching and an increase of cortisone in your system. Moisturizing your skin may help to relieve the itchiness of stretch marks. Teenagers should avoid tanning, which may cause stretch marks to appear discolored against skin that does not have stretch marks. Common variations include: See your doctor if you're concerned about the appearance of your skin or if the stretch marks cover large areas of your body. However, keeping your weight in a healthy range by eating well and exercising regularly can help to prevent stretch marks caused by sudden weight gain or loss. What Causes Stretch Marks From Working Out? Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch. They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. Hernandez G, et al. Stretch marks are common in certain circumstances: The following put you at greater risk for developing stretch marks: Your doctor can tell if you have stretch marks by simply looking at your skin and reviewing your medical history. Over time they become less noticeable. These long grooves or lines in your skin are not harmful to … This causes the elastic fibers just under the surface of the skin to break, resulting in stretch marks. Warnings. What Bodily Changes Can You Expect During Pregnancy? When rapid growth or weight gain occurs, especially during teenage years, it is common for stretch marks to appear in boys and girls alike. During the stage of growth spurts: The child grows at a faster pace, especially during his or her puberty years. Stretch marks are an undesired skin condition. If they suspect your stretch marks may be due to a serious illness, they may order blood, urine, or imaging tests. Accessed Nov. 9, 2015. Wright MJ, et al. Stretch marks, also known as Striae or Striae distensae, are a form of scarring on the skin with an off-color hue. Stretch marks rarely cause physical symptoms that require treatment. Stretch marks are small narrow silver streaks that occur when the skin is stretched quickly. It is also known as "striae distensae". New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2014. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Combined with body and self-esteem issues, stretch marks can upset women far more than validate their personal progress. Stretch marks on legs after pregnancy . The excimer laser stimulates skin color (melanin) production so that stretch marks match the surrounding skin more closely. However, some people dislike their appearance and may feel self-conscious if the marks are conspicuous. Stretch marks are particularly common in pregnant women, especially during the last trimester. Applying a corticosteroid to your skin for a long time can also cause stretch marks. This is especially common as a result of: Puberty; Pregnancy; Genetics; When specific areas of the body grow more quickly than normal and your skin can’t quite keep up. Stretch marks are streaks that appear on your abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. They can happen whenever the skin is stretched, for example when we're growing during puberty or when putting on weight. Everyone can get stretch marks, but women are more likely to develop them than men, likely because females tend to have curvier body shapes (stretch marks often occur on the breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs) and, of course, pregnancy is a major cause of them. These long, thin, waving markers are also known as stripes. They can occur in the abdomen, chest, hips and thighs. Stretch marks are the number one thing that everyone hopes they don’t get. Puberty, rapid muscle growth and weight gain can be some of the causes for stretchmarks in boys and girls during teenage (3) (4). Accessed Nov. 5, 2015. They may be red, purple, or silver in appearance. If you have stretch marks, you can be sure that they will go away. This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Pregnancy also causes the skin on the stomach to stretch. Stretch marks seem to be caused by a stretching of the skin. Stretch marks are a type of scar that forms an indent on the skin. Debra Rose Wilson, PhD, MSN, RN, IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. Learn some of the possible benefits and risks of dry brushing. This can result from corticosteroid medication use or a disease such as Cushing's syndrome. Obese and overweight people usually have stretch marks on different parts of their body since their skin is unable to expand fast enough to accommodate their growing size. Incidence and risk factors of striae distensae following breast augmentation surgery: A cohort study. None of these methods has been proven to be highly effective. 8th ed. Prevention is mostly avoiding quick weight gain and then loss. Up to 90% of women may be affected by the cracking of the skin during expansion from pregnancy leading to permanent stretch marks. What causes stretch marks on your back? Stretch marks can appear on anyone at any time. Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Stretch marks often fade with time. The best way is to treat the cause and maintain a healthy weight so that these marks may disappear over time. The cause of having stretch marks comes down to the elasticity of your skin. Natural Medicines. Stretch marks don't all look alike. Dry skin can happen for a number of reasons, including weather changes or skin conditions. Early stretch marks may feel slightly raised and can be itchy. Striae. 2015;172:606. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. If you don’t want to wait, there are treatments that can improve their appearance. British Journal of Dermatology. Korgavkar K, et al. Anyone can develop stretch marks, but some factors increase your likelihood of getting them, including: The best way to reduce the likelihood of getting stretch marks is to maintain a healthy weight. These lines are a different color and texture than your normal skin, and they range from purple to bright pink to light gray. Some men and women are prone to develop stretch marks on the abdomen, buttocks and thighs. Major side effects of systemic glucocorticoids. The collagen tissue in some children cannot keep the pace with this dramatic growth spurt. PLOS One. There are several reasons why the skin rapidly stretches and develops these scars, including pregnancy, sudden weight gain, puberty, as well as some medications. Saag KG, et al. Striae distensae (stretch marks). Stretch marks may occur during various phases of life, may be related to increased cortisol (a hormone produced by the adrenal glands) secretion or be associated with increased body mass. Everyone can get stretch marks, but women are more likely to develop them than men, likely because females tend to have curvier body shapes (stretch marks often occur on the breasts, hips, buttocks, and thighs) and, of course, pregnancy is a major cause of them. Most of these changes are only temporary and will go away after pregnancy. Stretch marks during pregnancy: A review of topical prevention. This continual tugging and stretching can cause stretch marks. Stretch marks aren't painful or harmful, but some people feel distressed about the way they make their skin look. 1. Maternal physiology. There are several reasons why the skin rapidly stretches and develops these scars, including pregnancy, sudden weight gain, puberty, as well as some medications. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Rapid growth frequently causes stretch marks. 8th ed. However, no treatment can make stretch marks disappear completely. These long grooves or lines in your skin are not harmful to … Corticosteroid creams, lotions, and pills can cause stretch marks by decreasing the skin’s ability to stretch. When you touch stretch marks with your fingers, you might feel a slight ridge or indentation on your skin. Cortisone — a hormone produced by the adrenal glands — weakens elastic fibers in the skin. If you have Cushing’s disease or Marfan syndrome, you may see stretch marks. They can also be caused by the overproduction of certain hormones. However, having too much of this hormone can make your skin lose its elasticity. Stretch marks (striae) are indented streaks that often appear on the abdomen, breasts, hips, buttocks and thighs. Stretch marks on your inner thighs occur naturally. having a history of delivering large babies or twins, Tretinoin cream (Retin-A, Renova) works by restoring. Causes of Stretch Marks. Older stretch marks fade. Hormonal changes in pregnancy can affect your skin and make you more likely to … Accessed Nov. 6, 2015. Stretch, basically, are thin streaks or lines and are long and that appears on the skin. Ehlers-Danlos syndrome weakens the structure of the skin, which can lead to stretch marks at a young age. When the skin is overstretched, then the elasticity is damaged. Stretch marks occur when the elastic middle layer of skin called the dermis is stretched. In: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. They form in the middle layer of your skin after being stretched too far.
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