Located in the heart of the Santiago Basin (valley) and the Santiago Metropolitan Region is, Santiago - the capital and the largest city of Chile. Friday, November 27, 2020. There is one independent. Area of agricultural lands - arable land, permanent crops, permanent meadows and pastures. Chile's congressional elections are governed by a unique binomial system that rewards coalition slates. As a result, the top two vote-getters--center-left Concertacion coalitionâ€™s Michelle Bachelet and center-right Alianza coalitionâ€™s Sebastian Pinera--competed in a run-off election on January 15, 2006, which Michelle Bachelet won. Chile's electricity grids, communication, and transportation systems were badly damaged, severely hampering rescue and aid efforts. Total trade with Europe also grew in 2006, expanding by 42%. Santiago is its capital and largest city. Even then, two-thirds of that was government spending. Jose Miguel Insulza, a Chilean national, was elected Secretary General of the Organization of American States in May 2005. Additionally, on January 8, 2007, Chile was placed on the U.S. Trade Representativeâ€™s Priority Watch List due to its poor record on protecting intellectual property rights. The total land area is 743,532 Km2 (287,079 sq. It has a market-oriented economy and a reputation for strong financial institutions. The protestors were demanding a more accessible and affordable university system as well as higher quality and equal funding for elementary and middle schools. The area is unique to South America, in Chile and Argentina. Consular Information Sheets exist for all countries and include information on entry and exit requirements, currency regulations, health conditions, safety and security, crime, political disturbances, and the addresses of the U.S. embassies and consulates abroad. On September 11, 1973, Allende's administration was overthrown. The relatively small central area dominates the country in terms of population and agricultural resources. The price bands were ruled inconsistent with Chile's World Trade Organization (WTO) obligations in 2002, and the government has introduced legislation to modify them. The 1964 presidential election of Christian Democrat Eduardo Frei-Montalva by an absolute majority initiated a period of major reform. Internal Government of Chile figures show that even when factoring out inflation and the recent high price of copper, bilateral trade between the U.S. and Chile has grown over 60% since then. Most international observers place some of the blame for Chileâ€™s consistently high unemployment rate on complicated and restrictive labor laws. Chileâ€™s overall trade profile has traditionally been dependent upon copper exports. The Mapuche won an important pyrrhic victory at the Battle of the Maule that would define the Incas' southern border for decades. It reached a partial trade agreement with India in 2005 and began negotiations for a full-fledged FTA with India in 2006. For the 2017 general election, the binomial system was abandoned. During the period of Radical Party dominance (1932-52), the state increased its role in the economy. Land area, water area. The growth of exports in 2006 was due mainly to a strong increase in sales to the United States, the Netherlands, and Japan. During 2006, Chile imported U.S. $26 billion from the Americas, representing 54% of total imports, followed by Asia at 22%, and Europe at 16%. Throughout the rest of the 19th and into the early 20th centuries, political and economic instability was common in Chile and from 1924–1932, the country was under the semi-dictatorial rule of General Carlos Ibanez. Chile is only the second U.S. FTA partner ever to be placed on the Priority Watch List. The land has a total area of 756,700 km² and a total coastline of 6,435 km. Chile population density is 24.9 people per square kilometer (64.5/mi 2) as of November 2020. The Government of Chile continues to pay down its foreign debt, with public debt only 3.9% of GDP at the end of 2006. There is an Antarctic Patrol on station during summer months, in order to assist vessels that may require assistance and to combat oil spills. Isabel Allende (cousin to the late President Salvador Allende) is perhaps the most popular Spanish-language writer in the world, even above literary titans like Marquez and Borges. Here are the facts and trivia that people are buzzing about. Trade with Korea and Japan grew significantly, but China remained Chileâ€™s most important trading partner in Asia. There are three main ways for Chilean firms to raise funds abroad: bank loans, issuance of bonds, and the selling of stocks on U.S. markets through American Depository Receipts (ADRs). Brush up on your geography and finally learn what countries are in Eastern Europe with our maps. For the most part, though, pre-Columbian Chile was under the control of the Inca in the north and the Mapuche (also known as the Araucanos) in the south. First Page << 1 >> Last Page Area Codes 1-20 (of 20) In 1970, Salvador Allende became the first president in a non-Communist country freely elected on a Marxist program. In 2017, harvesting area of wheat in the country was equivalent to 236,000 hectares. Police used tear gas and water cannons to disperse hundreds of high school and college students. For example, if the circumference is 42 inches, first you would square 42 and get 1,764. A government environmental commission approved the $3.2 billion Hidroaysén project in May 2011, prompting a country-wide protest movement. Also in August, nearly three dozen university and high school students went on a hunger strike to show their disapproval of President Piñera's government. The first Europeans to arrive in Chile were Diego de Almagro and his band of Spanish conquistadors, who came from Peru seeking gold in 1535. FEN Learning is part of Sandbox Networks, a digital learning company that operates education services and products for the 21st century. )Population Below the Poverty Line: 14.4% (2013 est. Spanish attempts to reimpose arbitrary rule during what was called the "Reconquista" led to a prolonged struggle. The South American nation can be divided into four geographical regions stretching from its northern end to the southern end. Cerro San Cristóbal houses the Parque Metropolitano, Santiagos largest public park. Telephone: 1-877-4USA-PPT (1-877-487-2778). Chile claims sovereignty to parts of Antarctica. Chile Tourism: Tripadvisor has 2,015,163 reviews of Chile Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Chile resource. The colony would provide substantial mineral and agricultural value, but its remoteness would make it difficult to protect from raids by local amerindian nations and by the English. The Chilean country code and Chile area code chart below gives you the necessary information for calling Chilean cities. They came to the area in search of gold and silver. As the armed forces bombarded the presidential palace, Allende reportedly committed suicide. Elected with only 36% of the vote and by a plurality of only 36,000 votes, Allende never enjoyed majority support in the Chilean Congress or broad popular support. Time Zone News. Definition and Examples, Geography and History of the Island Nation of Samoa, Chile: History, Geography, Government, Culture, M.A., Geography, California State University - East Bay, B.A., English and Geography, California State University - Sacramento. Year-on-year growth in imports was especially strong from a number of countries--Ecuador (123.9%), Thailand (72.1%), Korea (52.6%), and China (36.9%). FinanceChile's financial sector has grown quickly in recent years, with a banking reform law approved in 1997 that broadened the scope of permissible foreign activity for Chilean banks. Chile population density. While itâs difficult to say which area of Chile is the best, itâs hard to deny that buying property in the regions just south of Santiago makes the most sense, either for a return on investment or for a place that you might want to someday call home. Foreign Trade2006 was a record year for Chilean trade. The Bachelet administration plans substantial reform, but not an overhaul, of the AFP during the next several years. Much of the jump in FDI in 2006 was also the result of acquisitions and mergers and has done little to create new employment in Chile. Most wage settlements and loans are indexed, reducing inflation's volatility. Committed to eliminating Marxism the junta suspended parliament, banned political activity, and severely curbed civil liberties. In the first round of presidential elections, none of the four presidential candidates won more than 50% of the vote. The formal conquest of Chile began in 1540 under Pedro de Valdivia and the city of Santiago was founded on February 12, 1541. A new constitution was approved in 1980. Besides the landmark 2003 U.S.-Chile FTA, the two governments consult frequently on issues of mutual concern, including in the areas of multilateral diplomacy, security, culture, and science. Enter the radius, diameter, circumference or area of a Circle to find the other three. )Major Imports: Petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas.Import Partners: China 24.3%, US 14.7%, Brazil 9.3%, Argentina 4.4%, France 4.2% (2016), Agricultural Products: grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans; beef, poultry, wool; fish; timberMajor Industries: copper, lithium, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles, Natural Resources: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropowerLand Use: Agricultural land: 21.1% (arable land 1.7%; permanent crops 0.6%; permanent pasture 18.8%), Forest: 21.9%, Other: 57% (2011 est. Exports to Asia increased from U.S. $15.2 billion in 2005 to U.S. $19.7 billion in 2006, a 29.9% increase. Chile was first officially controlled briefly by the Incas in the north and the Araucanians in the south. U.S. Embassy FunctionsIn addition to working closely with Chilean Government officials to strengthen our bilateral relationship, the U.S. Embassy in Santiago provides a wide range of services to U.S. citizens and businesses in Chile. It became the key force in coalition governments for the next 20 years. It has an area of 756,102 square km. In 2003, there were several minor financial scandals involving insider information and bribery. His program included the nationalization of private industries and banks, massive land expropriation, and collectivization. The area borders the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Andean Cordillera to the east. In 1541, a Spaniard, Pedro de Valdivia, marched into Chile founded Santiago. During 2006, exports of goods and services totaled U.S. $58 billion, an increase of 41%. It is bounded on the north by Peru and Bolivia, on the east by Argentina, and on the west by the Pacific Ocean. Its three bordering countries are Argentina, Peru, and Bolivia. Viewed sideways it has a base of 20m and a height of 14m. The population density in Chile is 26 per Km 2 (67 people per mi 2). Seen as shares of Chileâ€™s export markets, 42% of exports went to the Americas, 30% to Asia and 24% to Europe. It is hoped that this, combined with some tax reforms to encourage domestic and foreign investment in research and development, will bring in additional FDI and to new parts of the economy. Northern Chile contains a wealth of minerals, most notable of which are copper and nitrates. Continuing its export-oriented development strategy, Chile completed landmark free trade agreements in 2002 with the European Union and South Korea. Spanning almost 2,700 miles north to south, Chileâs territory includes hot deserts, cold steppes, and tropical forests. There is one independent. Total trade with the U.S. was U.S. $14.8 billion in 2006. He has distanced himself from the Pinochet regime, and his cabinet is made up of a group of technocrats with no ties to Pinochet. Together, the earthquake and tsunami were responsible for more than 500 These include the Aónikenk (commonly called by their Mapuche name Tehuelche), who were erroneously identified as giants in early colonial literature. Each coalition can run two candidates for the two Senate and two Deputy seats apportioned to each electoral district. A harder example: Example: Sam cuts grass at $0.10 per square meter How much does Sam earn cutting this area: Let's break the area into two parts: Part A is a square: Area of A = a 2 = 20m × 20m = 400m 2. An important industrial center, it manufactures textiles, shoes and leather goods, paint, and chemicals. In the north is the driest place on Earth, the Atacama Desert, and in the center is a 700-mile-long (1,127 km) thickly populated valley with most of Chile's arable land. A small, yet influential number of Irish and English immigrants came to Chile during the colonial period. The police fired back with water cannons. miles) 84.8 % of the population is urban (16,205,574 people in 2020) Latitude and longitude coordinates are: -33.447487, -70.673676. The Consular Section of the Embassy provides vital services to the more than 12,000 U.S. citizens residing in Chile. Chile is an active member of the UN family of agencies and participates in UN peacekeeping activities. Time Zone News. )Government Revenues: 21.6% of GDP (2017 est. Providencia . Mass demonstrations, recurring strikes, violence by both government supporters and opponents, and widespread rural unrest ensued in response to the general deterioration of the economy. The watershed or catchment area is the geographical area of land that drains into the lake. The latter contains its capital and largest city, Concepción, a major city and metro area in the country. Registration is simple and transparent, and foreign investors are guaranteed access to the official foreign exchange market to repatriate their profits and capital. Santiago is its capital and largest city. The judicial branch consists of the Constitutional Tribunal, the Supreme Court, the court of appeals, and military courts. Chileâs territory combines over 4,000 kilometers of wind-blown, ocean-swept coastline, the immense, mineral-rich northern desert, the majestic peaks of the Andes range, with thousands of active volcanoes strung along its length, and the hushed mystique of the southern evergreen forests. The summit can be reached by cable car or a long hike. Chile × Show Labels. 6.2 magnitude earthquake hits offshore area of Chile. Home to many events showcasing the very best of Chilean culture, it also hosts superb international festivals of sound, flavor and color. Historically, the two largest coalitions (Concertacion and Alianza) split most of the seats in a district. We've got you covered with our map collection. Chilean exports to the United States totaled U.S. $9.3 billion, representing a 37.7% increase compared to 2005 (U.S. $6.7 billion). The climate in this area is cold and wet. To that end, it has signed trade agreements in recent years with New Zealand, Singapore, Brunei, India, China, and most recently Japan. Area = ½ × b × h = ½ × 20 × 12 = 120 . Chile has a poor and deteriorating record of protecting copyrighted music, films, and software. The Andes Mountains are located on the eastern border. Total foreign direct investment (FDI) was only $3.4 billion in 2006, up 52% from a poor performance in 2005. The Navy operates its own aircraft for transport and patrol; there are no Navy fighter or bomber aircraft. )Cell Phones: 23,302,603, 131 per 100 residents (2016 est. However, as many as 1.5 million people were displaced. Chile shares borders with three neighboring countries. In 1932, constitutional rule was restored and the Radical Party emerged and dominated Chile until 1952. Central area, Santiago and Valparaiso. The dictator from 1830 to 1837, Diego Portales, fought a war with Peru from 1836—1839 that expanded Chilean territory. The political revolt brought little social change, however, and 19th century Chilean society preserved the essence of the stratified colonial social structure, which was greatly influenced by family politics and the Roman Catholic Church. In 2006, the Government of Chile ran a surplus of $11.3 billion, equal to almost 8% of GDP. Allende was honored with a Presidential Medal of Freedom by President Barack Obama. Over the last ten years, Chileans have enjoyed the introduction of new financial tools such as home equity loans, currency futures and options, factoring, leasing, and debit cards. Este plan es una estrategia gradual para el desconfinamiento que cuenta con 5 pasos de levantamiento de restr… Procedures and benefits. CarabinerosAfter the military coup in September 1973, the Chilean national police (Carabineros) were incorporated into the Defense Ministry. Travel Warnings are issued when the State Department recommends that Americans avoid travel to a certain country because the situation is dangerous or unstable. Poverty rates in the country are low and its government is committed to promoting democracy. Emergency information concerning Americans traveling abroad may be obtained by calling 1-888-407-4747 toll free in the U.S. and Canada or the regular toll line 1-202-501-4444 for callers outside the U.S. and Canada. A strong presidency eventually emerged, but wealthy landowners remained extremely powerful. Christian Fernsby | November 22, 2020. Chile has a strong cultural heritage from its indigenous peoples, especially the Mapuche, Patagonians, and the Rapa Nui. The current constitution was adopted in 1980; in a rather unique occurence, the constitution was approved by a national referendum. Chile has a bicameral Congress, which meets in the port city of Valparaiso, about 140 kilometers (84 mi.) Chilean bands reached particular importance during the presidency of Salvador Allende, as part of his broader cultural policies of bringing art and culture to all levels of Chilean society. It also issues about 40,000 visitor visas annually to Chilean citizens who plan to travel to the United States. In addition, the War of the Pacific (1879–1883) allowed the country to expand north by one-third. Use the âCrossword Q & Aâ community to ask for help. The introduction of these new products has also been accompanied by an increased use of traditional instruments such as loans and credit cards. Help. The city was founded as Santiago del Nuevo Extremo (‘Santiago of the New Frontier’) in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia. Viña del Mar is a particularly well-known summer resort, and the scenery of the Lake District to the south attracts many tourists. The Spanish then began practicing agriculture in Chile's central valley and made the area a Viceroyalty of Peru. Higher effective tariffs are charged only on imports of wheat, wheat flour, and sugar as a result of a system of import price bands. Bulnes reportedly accused Urrea of trying to break up the negotiations. The economy, in tatters after the recession that afflicted the Allende administration, gradually improved after Chile's privatization under Pinochet. Capital: Santiago, with 6.8 million inhabitants is the country's largest metropolitan area Name: Republic of Chile; Government: Democracy, Republic; Language: Spanish; Literacy: More than 97% of the people can read and write. Land in the southern part of Chile is extensively used for ranching and grazing, while its forests are a source of timber. The state-owned firm CODELCO is the world's largest copper-producing company, with recorded copper reserves of 200 years. The offshore earthquake occurred near costal city Constitucion in the middle region of country. Chile fought the War of the Pacific with Peru and Bolivia from 1879 to 1883, winning Antofagasta, Bolivia's only outlet to the sea, and extensive areas from Peru. Chile also grew physically during these years, and in 1881, took control of the Strait of Magellan. The Spanish encountered hundreds of thousands of Indians from various cultures in the area that modern Chile now occupies. SATELLITE. In January 2008, president Bachelet swore in six new ministers to her 22-member cabinet. Combined with this is its institutional structure allowing local companies to produce and market pharmaceutical generics that violate existing patents. Folk music was popularized in Chile by folk music groups like Los de Ramon, Los Cuatro Huasos, Los Cuatro Cuartos, and others. The President is constitutionally barred from serving consecutive terms. Chile is home to many different indigenous peoples, with a diverse range of cultural practices and languages. The two countries maintain consular relations and are represented at the Consul General level. The economy remained sluggish until 2003, when it began to show clear signs of recovery, achieving 3.3% real GDP growth. Chile began pushing for its independence from Spain in 1808. Wages have risen faster than inflation as a result of higher productivity, boosting national living standards. )Major Exports: Copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, and wine.Export Partners: China 28.6%, US 14.1%, Japan 8.6%, South Korea 6.9%, Brazil 5% (2016), Total Imports: $59.92 billion (2017 est. NavyAdmiral Rodolfo Codina directs the 23,000-person Navy, including 2,500 Marines. In 1964, Eduardo Frei-Montalva was elected as president under the slogan, "Revolution in Liberty." The southernmost point of South America is Cape Horn, a 1,390-foot (424 m) rock on Horn Island in the Wollaston group, which belongs to Chile. These officers provide information on Chilean trade and industry regulations and administer several programs intended to support U.S. companies' sales in Chile. Official name: The Republic of Chile (La República de Chile), Total area: 292,260 sq mi (756,950 sq km), Capital: Santiago, 6.68 million (2018 est. The region's capital is Valparaíso. Chileans voted for elections to choose a new president and the majority of members of a two-chamber congress. Tweet. One-third of Chile is covered by the towering ranges of the Andes. ), Total Exports: $64.51 billion (2017 est. In Oct. 1998, he was arrested and detained in England on an extradition request issued by a Spanish judge who sought Pinochet in connection with the disappearances of Spanish citizens during his rule. In the arts world, Chile is known for its incredible literary tradition. The former pediatrician is a survivor of the Pinochet dictatorship, which was responsible for her father's death and subjected her to prison, torture, and exile. The Consular Section offers passport and emergency services to U.S. tourists during their stay in Chile. Chile's economic growth slowed to 3% for 2001, partly the result of a drop in international copper prices and the economic turmoil in neighboring Argentina. Offshore Chile. In the 120-member Chamber of Deputies, the Concertacion coalitions holds 65 seats and the Alianza holds 54. Calling Chile from the United States explained: 011 - US exit code; dial first for international calls made from the USA or Canada; 56 - Country Code for Chile ; Phone Number (remove initial 0) - 9 digits; sample call from US to a landline in Santiago: 011 56 2 ???? 1:16 51 pm. Los Ángeles, capital of the Biobío Province, is another important city in the region. They will become active again after the next clock change as Daylight Saving Time begins or ends. The defense of the Chile colony would prove a significant drain on Spain's finances. The area of a circle is: π times the Radius squared: A = π r 2. or, when you know the Diameter: A = (π /4) × D 2. or, when you know the Circumference: A = C 2 / 4 π. GDP/PPP: $425.1 billion, $28,900 per capita (2017 est. Then, you would multiply 4 by π and get 12.57. Unemployment finally dipped to 7.8% at the end of 2006, due largely to the fact that fewer Chileans were entering the workforce rather than to a substantial and sustained creation of new jobs. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. Chile is a country in north-south direction along the South American Andes and directly on the Pacific. However, the students withdrew from the negotiations, reporting that Bulnes attacked a student representative, David Urrea. The government's role in the economy is mostly limited to regulation, although the state continues to operate copper giant CODELCO and a few other enterprises (there is one state-run bank). How big is Chile in square km? It’s safe for tourists who stick out like a sore thumb — yes, unfortunately that probably includes you. Part B is a triangle. As the graph below shows, over the past 57 years this indicator reached a maximum value of 743,532 in 2018 and a minimum value of 743,532 in 1961. Registration will make your presence and whereabouts known in case it is necessary to contact you in an emergency and will enable you to receive up-to-date information on security conditions. Since its return to democracy in 1990, Chile has been an active participant in the international political arena. The Chilean pesoâ€™s rapid appreciation against the U.S. dollar in recent years has helped dampen inflation. Area: Total: 756,102 km (291,933 sq mi) Land: 743,812 km (287,187 sq mi) Water: 12,290 km (4,745 sq mi) Note: includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gómez Popup Window Fullscreen Exit. As of 2006, Chile invested only 0.6% of its annual GDP in research and development (R&D). Chile Tourism: Tripadvisor has 2,015,163 reviews of Chile Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Chile resource. V Valparaíso Region boasts a population of 1,790,460 settled in an area of 6,331 square miles. Bachelet took office on March 11, becoming Chile's first female chief of state. The Public Affairs Section cooperates with universities and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) on a variety of programs of bilateral interest. One protest in early June involved 30,000 demonstrators marching to the presidential palace, with some protestors throwing stones and pieces of wood at police vehicles. Throughout 2011, partly inspired by the Arab Spring, activists continued to protest and started a movement which came to be known as the Chilean Winter. Santiago is the administrative, cultural, industrial and financial center of the country. The most important non-mineral exports are forestry and wood products, fresh fruit and processed food, fishmeal and seafood, and wine. km) The value for Land area (sq. Area of land covered by forests. However, the AFP is not without its critics, who cite low participation rates (only 55% of the working population is covered), with groups such as the self-employed outside the system. Some of the world’s most widely acclaimed poets come from Chile, including Nobel Prize winners Gabriela Mistral and Pablo Neruda; the poetry scene in Chile is also a major venue for Mapuche artists, who often work in both Mapudungun and Spanish. The first Europeans to reach Chile were the Spanish conquistadores in 1535. A movement for total independence soon won a wide following. The population density in Chile is 26 per Km 2 (67 people per mi 2). In response, Lagos introduced new reforms promising greater transparency. Chile (officially called Republic of Chile) is a country on the south-western side of South America.Most people there speak Spanish.. Chile, which claims a part of the Antarctic continent, is the longest country on earth.The Atacama Desert, in the north of the country, is the driest place on earth.The average rainfall there is less than 0.05 mm (0.0020 in) per year. At the southern tip of Chile's mainland is Punta Arenas, the southernmost city in the world, and beyond that lies the Strait of Magellan and Tierra del Fuego, an island divided between Chile and Argentina. Santiago, Chile. Amanda Briney, M.A., is a professional geographer. Santiago, or Santiago de Chile, is the largest and the capital city of Chile. National Geographicâs latest travel stories about Chile. Piñera is the first right-wing president since Pinochet. Since the U.S.-Chile Free Trade Agreement went into effect on January 1, 2004, U.S.-Chilean trade has increased by 154%. For additional information on international travel, see http://www.usa.gov/Citizen/Topics/Travel/International.shtml. About 900 demonstrators were arrested. Chile, country situated along the western seaboard of South America. In March 2010, Sebastián Piñera was sworn in as President of Chile, immediately following three major aftershocks from the recent massive earthquake. Rescuers drilled a small borehole to provide the miners with food, lights, and liquids and to allow them to send notes to and from family members as they wait to be rescued. Deputies are elected every 4 years, and Senators serve 8-year terms. But buildings and homes in poorer areas—many built with adobe—did not fare as well. Santiago itself has hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. By 1973, Chilean society had split into two hostile camps. During its 16 years in power, Chile moved away from economic statism toward a largely free market economy that fostered an increase in domestic and foreign private investment. The Chilean Government has diplomatic relations with most countries. He lost to outgoing Bachelet in the 2006 election, his first run for the presidency. Area Codes Search Notes. ), Languages: Spanish 99.5% (official), English 10.2%, indigenous 1% (includes Mapudungun, Aymara, Quechua, Rapa Nui), other 2.3%, unspecified 0.2% note: shares sum to more than 100% because some respondents gave more than one answer on the census (2012 est. How to dial to Chile cellular: dialing format for calls to a cell phone: 011 56 9 ???? Sponsored LinksTravel reviews & great deals at TripAdvisor:Chile. It wasn’t until the importation of Bordeaux grapes from France in the 19 th Century that the region really began to make a name for itself and really take shape. Remarkably all of the miners survived. Not sure about the geography of the middle east? The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands. Air Force (FACH)Gen. Ricardo Ortega Perrier heads a force of 12,500.