This article is about the demographic features of the population of Puerto Rico, including population density, ethnicity, education level, health of the populace, economic status, religious affiliations and other aspects of the population. [28][failed verification], In a study done on Puerto Rican women (of all races) born on the island but living in New York by Carolina Bonilla, Mark D. Shriver and Esteban Parra in 2004, the ancestry proportions corresponding to the three parental populations were found to be 53.3±2.8% European, 29.1±2.3% West African, and 17.6±2.4% Native American based on autosomal ancestry informative markers. In 2017 Puerto Rico was forced to declare bankruptcy after being unable to repay debts. Population. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ … Rural Population from 1955 to 2020 Rural Population Urban Population 1955 1960 1965 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015 2020 0 1M 2M 3M 4M. 12.4%. The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. There are 2,340,474 adults in Puerto Rico. 2 Puerto Rico’s population last saw modest increases in the 1990s, and in recent years has experienced accelerating declines. [40][41] There are eight Islamic mosques spread throughout the island, with most Muslims living in Río Piedras. San Juan is the forty-sixth biggest city under the jurisdiction of the U.S. which was established by the Spanish in 1521. Mixed race is the third-largest group, with over 122,000 people identifying themselves as of at least two races. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) Almost 3.2 million people live in Puerto Rico as of July 2018, showing a population decline of 14.3 percent since 2010. Urban Population Puerto Rico Urban vs. The U.S. Supreme Court in the case United States v. Wong Kim Ark, 169 U.S. 649 (1898) declared that all nonwhites who were born in the United States were eligible for citizenship via the Citizenship Clause of the 14th Amendment. Other indicators visualized on maps: (In English only, for now) Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1,000 women ages 15-19) If Puerto Rico were a full state in the United States (remember, it is actually a Commonwealth), this would make it the 29th largest state in the US, sandwiched between Oklahoma and Connecticut. Population of American Indian in households in Puerto Rico ; Total Population: 19,427; Male Population: 9,429; Under 5 years: 567; 5 to 9 years: 707; 10 to 14 years: B.R. 29. 2010. Puerto Ricans (Spanish: Puertorriqueños ; or boricuas) are the people of Puerto Rico , the inhabitants, and citizens of the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (a United States territory), and their descendants. Thus under the Immigration Act of 1924 all Hispanics and Caribbeans could immigrate to the United States, but a White family from Poland or Russia could not immigrate. Census data: ACS 2019 1-year unless noted. [21], According to the 1920 Puerto Rico census, 2,505 individuals immigrated to Puerto Rico between 1910 and 1920. [4] By A.D. 1000, the indigenous Taíno inhabited the island. The British ban on slavery resulted in slave raids on Puerto Rico. Of these, 2,270 were classified as "white" in the 1920 census (1,205 from Spain, 280 from Venezuela, 180 from Cuba, and 135 from the Dominican Republic). SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO -- In Barrio Obrero Marina, a working class neighborhood of San Juan, the U.S. Census Bureau said that fewer than one in … Puerto Rico’s population has been dwindling throughout the 21st century, and is now down to just about 3.2 million, according to the most recent U.S. Census data. Puerto Rico’s recent population downturn reverses a general pattern of growth on the island since at least the 1700s, as documented by Spanish and U.S. Census Bureau data. "Recent genetic selection in the ancestral admixture of Puerto Ricans", "The Use of Mitochondrial DNA to Discover Pre-Columbian Migrations to the Caribbean: Results for Puerto Rico and Expectations for the Dominican Republic", "Catholic Church and Puerto Rico officials at odds in widening sex abuse investigation", "Religion in Puerto Rico – By Puerto Rico Channel", Institute of Islamic Information and Education: Number of Muslims and Percentage in Puerto Rico, Percent Puerto Rican population that are Muslims, "Saudi Aramco World : Muslims in the Caribbean", "The Jewish Palate: The Jews of Puerto Rico", "Taíno: Indigenous Caribbeans - Black History Month 2017", "American Indian and Alaska Native Tribes in the United States and Puerto Rico: 2010 (CPH-T-6)", "Population Estimates, Population Change, and Components of Change", "Central America and Caribbean :: PUERTO RICO", How Puerto Rico Became White: Racial analysis, 1930s Sterilization of One Third of Puerto Rican Women by the Chicago Women's Liberation Union, Puerto Ricans in the United States Space Program, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Demographics_of_Puerto_Rico&oldid=991797344, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2020, Articles with failed verification from May 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, American Indian and Alaska Native alone 11,775, Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander alone 129, Hispanic or Latino (of any race) 3,547,288, White alone, Not Hispanic or Latino 24,900, 7.43 deaths/1,000 live births (2010 est. 31. Emigration has been a major part of Puerto Rico's recent history as well. Roman Catholics in Puerto Rico have many everyday objects scattered through their lives that have religious affiliation such as rosaries and carvings of the Virgin Mary. During the same 10-year period, 7,873 Puerto Ricans emigrated to the U.S. Of these, 6,561 were listed as "white" on the U.S mainland census, 909 as "Spanish white" and 403 as "black". The Puerto Rican population in Orange and Osceola counties surged in the aftermath of Hurricane Maria by a combined 12.5% last year, according … SAN JUAN, PUERTO RICO -- In Barrio Obrero Marina, a working class neighborhood of San Juan, the U.S. Census Bureau said that fewer than one in … The legal definition of Whiteness differed greatly from White Society's informal definition, thus Jews, Romani Peoples, Middle Eastern Peoples and those of the Indian Subcontinent were before 1917 classified as White for Immigration purposes but not considered White by the society at large. black/African American. The Taíno population dwindled due to disease, tribal warfare, and forced labor, so the Spanish began importing large numbers of slaves from Africa. Mitchell. The largest age group is people 25-54, which make up 37.99% of the population, and the median age in the country is 42.2 years old. But in the year 2000, that was a new question for the residents of Puerto Rico. The Spanish conquered the island, assuming government in 1508, colonized it, and assumed hegemony over the natives. 443,679 people. Therefore, people of mixed ancestry with known white lineage were classified as white, the opposite of the "one-drop rule" in the United States. The first large group of Jews to settle in Puerto Rico were European refugees fleeing German–occupied Europe in the 1930s. Manufacturing is the largest sector in Puerto Rico, producing pharmaceuticals, petrochemicals, and electronics. [45] And at times not just individuals, but whole families convert. [33] One Pope, John Paul II, visited Puerto Rico in October 1984. [32] This religion was brought by Spanish colonists. As of 1 January 2020, the population of Puerto Rico was estimated to be 3,658,607 people. The UN estimates the July 1, 2020 population at 2,860,853. Puerto Rico's economic boom of the 1950s attracted a considerable number of Jewish families from the U.S. mainland, who were joined after 1959 by an influx of Jewish emigres from Fidel Castro's Cuba.[7]. Puerto Rican Population in the States. Looking back, in the year of 1960, Puerto Rico had a population of 2.4 million people. UN World Population Prospects (2019 Revision). Africa and Asia were excluded altogether. The current population of Puerto Rico in 2020 is 2,860,853, a 2.47% decline from 2019.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2019 was 2,933,408, a 3.49% decline from 2018.; The population of Puerto Rico in 2018 was 3,039,596, a 3.92% decline from 2017. Puerto Rico’s native Taíno population—whose hunter-gatherer ancestors settled the island more than 1,000 years before the Spanish arrived—called it Borinquén, and referred to themselves as boricua (a term that is still used today).During his second expedition to the Indies in 1493, Christopher Columbus returned several Taíno captives to Borinquén and claimed the island for Spain, calling it San Juan Bautista. Officially Puerto Rico is a religiously free commonwealth, but the majority of its population are Roman Catholic with 85% of its people claiming the faith. In 1898, Puerto Rico was ceded to the United States under the Treaty of Paris and the US brought a civil government to the area and maintained strict control over the island. 2006 changes in the United States tax system that took investment money out of the Caribbean coincided with a sharp downturn in the Puerto Rican economy. This is based on a US Census Bureau estimate from July 2011. As of N/A, N/A% of Puerto Rico residents were born outside of the country (N/A people). It had a population of 347,052 as of 2016, which would rank it as the 46th largest city in the USA. [22], According to the 2015 Race and Hispanic Origin estimate (2011–2015 American Community Survey) published by the US Census Bureau, the data for Puerto Rico was as follows:[23], Puerto Ricans, on average, have genetic contributions from Europeans, West Africans, and Native Americans of approximately 66%, 18%, and 16%, respectively. The figures above show that the population of Puerto Rico has begun to decline after a long period of steady and fairly rapid growth (as can be seen in this table). [46] Thus, today there is a strong Palestinian presence among Muslims in Puerto Rico. For example, the Holy Trinity Anglican church in Ponce, was prevented from ringing its bell until 1898, when American troops landed there. Population estimates, July 1, 2019, (V2019) 3,193,694. Since 1901, Puerto Ricans have only been able to elect a nonvoting “resident commissioner of Puerto Rico” to the U.S. House of Representatives.Like the United States’ … The population of Puerto Rico in 2017 was 3,163,667, a 3.64% decline from 2016. Around A.D. 600, the Arawaks no longer lived on the island, perhaps because they had integrated with another culture or perhaps because they had been killed by illness. Currently, 100% of the population of Puerto Rico is urban (2,933,408 people in 2019) Created with Highcharts 8.2.2. In 2005 a fugitive rebel leader that was pro-independence, Filberto Ojeda Pios, was killed by US federal agents, and the way the US treated innocent civilians caused unrest on the island. A landslide killed 129 people in 1985, and Hurricane George ravaged the area in 1998.
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