Rumi Jaffery Short Wiki Rumi Jaffery Picture. Jalal Uddin Rumi died shortly after writing Masnavi. Book first, together with some account of the life and acts of the Author, of his ancestors, and of his descendants, illustrated by a selection of characteristic anecdotes, as collected by their historian, Mevlâna Shemsu'd-dīn Ahmed el-Eflākī el-'Arifī, https://www.thepoetryexchange.co.uk/the-guest-house-by-rumi, The metaphysics of Rumi: A critical and historical sketch, Reading Mystical Lyric: The Case of Jalal al-Din Rumi, The Mysteries of the Universe and Rumi's Discoveries on the Majestic Path of Love, Encyclopedia of the Hellenic World – Asia Minor, Poems by Rumi in English at the Academy of American Poets, 2016 international conference on Sunni Islam in Grozny, Abū Muḥrīz Jahm ibn Ṣafwān ar-Rāsibī as-Samarqāndī at-Tirmidhī, Abu’l-Hassan Muqātil ibn Sulaymān ibn Bashīr al-Azdī, Abū Ishāq Ibrāhīm ibn Sayyār ibn Hāni’ an-Nazzām, Abū Alī Muḥāmmad ibn Abdi’l-Wahhāb ibn Sallām al-Jubbā'ī, Abū Uthmān Amr ibn Bhār ibn Māhbūb al-Jāhiz al-Kinānī, List of contemporary Muslim scholars of Islam, Abū Abdi’l-Lāh Ahmad ibn Abī Du'ad Faraj ibn Carīr ibn Mâlik al-Iyādī, Inscription of Xerxes the Great in Van Fortress, Achaemenid inscription in the Kharg Island, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rumi&oldid=991619227, Articles containing Persian-language text, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles having same image on Wikidata and Wikipedia, Articles containing Turkish-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from April 2019, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with TDVİA identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Rumi's Tasawwuf and Vedanta by R.M. If one of the shoes is too tight for the foot, the pair of them is of no use to thee. On 13 December 1925, a law was passed closing all the tekkes (dervish lodges) and zāwiyas (chief dervish lodges), and the centres of veneration to which visits (ziyārat) were made. Shams replied, "My head!" … There are many traces of 13th century Sufism in the middle of Masnavi. They would fill their hearts from your work and compose music to accompany it." Seyyed Hossein Nasr, "Rumi and the Sufi Tradition," in Chelkowski (ed. Brill Online. I died to the animal state and became a man, by Amin Banani and Anthony A. Lee, p. 3, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFLewis2000 (, Eliza Tasbihi, "Sabzawārī’s Sharḥ-i Asrār: A Philosophical Commentary on Rūmī’s Mathnawī" in.  Rumi's poetry is displayed on the walls of many cities across Iran, sung in Persian music, and read in school books.. In the Mevlevi tradition, samāʿ represents a mystical journey of spiritual ascent through mind and love to the Perfect One.  The English interpretations of Rumi's poetry by Coleman Barks have sold more than half a million copies worldwide, and Rumi is one of the most widely read poets in the United States. Sadly, Kimia did not live long after the marriage and passed away upon falling ill after a stroll in the garden. There is a famous landmark in Northern India, known as Rumi Gate, situated in Lucknow (the capital of Uttar Pradesh) named for Rumi. In the West Shahram Shiva has been teaching, performing and sharing the translations of the poetry of Rumi for nearly twenty years and has been instrumental in spreading Rumi's legacy in the English-speaking parts of the world. Scholars from twenty-nine countries attended the events, and 450 articles were presented at the conference. Some historians want us to believe it was Shams who asked for her hand. Emission Group—Five Thousand Turkish Lira—.  Music, especially that of the ney, plays an important part in the Mevlevi. It was his meeting with the dervish Shams-e Tabrizi on 15 November 1244 that completely changed his life. Rumi's love for, and his bereavement at the death of, Shams found their expression in an outpouring of lyric poems, Divan-e Shams-e Tabrizi. Byzantinische Zeitschrift 4: 401–411. The key personal event in Rumi’s life was clearly his meeting and friendship with the Sufi dervish Shams-e Tabrizi in the years 1244–1248. His shrine or green shrine in Konya is still considered a place of pilgrimage for followers of various religions, especially Muslims in Turkestan. On 1 May 1228, most likely as a result of the insistent invitation of 'Alā' ud-Dīn Key-Qobād, ruler of Anatolia, Baha' ud-Din came and finally settled in Konya in Anatolia within the westernmost territories of the Seljuk Sultanate of Rûm. ed. Rumi married Gawhar Khatun in 1225 while he was in Karaman during the Hijrah. Rumi’s visions, words, and life teach us how to reach inner peace and happiness so we can finally stop the continual stream of hostility and hatred and achieve true global peace and harmony.”. One day, the two of them were wandering through the Meram vineyards outside Konya when Hussam described to Rumi an idea he had had: "If you were to write a book like the Ilāhīnāma of Sanai or the Mantiq ut-Tayr of 'Attar, it would become the companion of many troubadours. The most complete genealogy offered for the family stretches back to six or seven generations to famous Hanafi jurists.. She did not live long and … The Mewlewī Sufis, also known as Whirling Dervishes, believe in performing their dhikr in the form of Sama.  Also in that year, Iran held a Rumi Week from 26 October to 2 November. Sometimes he would become so engrossed with his ghazals that he would start dancing in deep immersion. Truly, to Him is our return. Rumi embeds his theosophy (transcendental philosophy) like a string through the beads of his poems and stories. Brill Online. He brings all of those who are led astray into the Way out of the desert.". , On 30 September 2007, Iranian school bells were rung throughout the country in honour of Mewlana. بار دیگر از ملک پران شوم He married his 12-year-old honest daughter Kimia Khatun to 60-year-old Shams Tabrizi. , Greater Balkh was at that time a major centre of Persian culture and Sufism had developed there for several centuries. 90–92: "Baha al-Din’s disciples also traced his family lineage to the first caliph, Abu Bakr (Sep 9; Af 7; JNO 457; Dow 213). Jalāl al-Dīn Rūmī (Maulana), Ibrahim Gamard, Aḥmad of Niǧde's "al-Walad al-Shafīq" and the Seljuk Past, A.C.S. 47:19). Poetry is a deep and meaningful way to convey the heart’s deepest feelings and Rumi’s quotes and poems are truly beautiful. His projection of love is probably the most well known and something that everybody can connect to. Rumi's poetry forms the basis of much classical Iranian and Afghan music. After the death of Gawhar Khatun, Rumi married a widow, who had a daughter named Kimia Khatun. , Also on 30 September 2007, Turkey celebrated Rumi’s eight-hundredth birthday with a giant Whirling Dervish ritual performance of the samāʿ, which was televised using forty-eight cameras and broadcast live in eight countries. When his father died, Rumi took over his position as sheikh of the religious school in the community and continued his father’s practices of preaching, teaching, observing religious rites and practices, and ministering to the poor. "(Franklin Lewis, "Rumi: Past and Present, East and West: The Life, Teachings and Poetry of Jalal al-Din Rumi," One World Publication Limited, 2008, p. 315). When Kimia Khatun died a few months after the marriage, Abdullah Shams Tabrizi was assassinated with the tacit consent of the upper echelons of the society, and Rumi was buried in the dark of night. To commemorate Shams, Rumi named his first epic, Shams’s Collective Poems from the City of Tabriz. So, he said, “I was looking for the Creator. At one time, Persian was a common cultural language of much of the non-Arabic Islamic world.  His works are widely read today in their original language across Greater Iran and the Persian-speaking world. 315–317), we may still say that he spoke and wrote in Persian as a native language, wrote and conversed in Arabic as a learned "foreign" language and could at least get by at the market in Turkish and Greek (although some wildly extravagant claims have been made about his command of Attic Greek, or his native tongue being Turkish) (Lewis 2008:xxi). He himself went out searching for Shams and journeyed again to Damascus. But later when he became the famous Maulana and poet of Anatolia in Rome, he became known as Maulana and Rumi. This was clearly an intense personal and spiritual relationship that brought out new aspects of Rumi’s own spirituality and inspired his poetry. His poems are an explosion of different emotions. But later when he became the famous Maulana and poet of Anatolia in Rome, he became known as Maulana and Rumi. In Rumi's terms, tawhid is lived most fully through love, with the connection being made explicit in his verse that describes love as "that flame which, when it blazes up, burns away everything except the Everlasting Beloved. p. 314: “The Foruzanfar’s edition of the Divan-e Shams compromises 3229 ghazals and qasidas making a total of almost 35000 lines, not including several hundred lines of stanzaic poems and nearly two thousand quatrains attributed to him”, Mecdut MensurOghlu: “The Divan of Jalal al-Din Rumi contains 35 couplets in Turkish and Turkish-Persian which have recently been published me” (Celal al-Din Rumi’s turkische Verse: UJb. Not, of course, that being gay itself is a problem, but in this case I think it is unlikely. He was buried in Konya, and his shrine became a place of pilgrimage. The use of its various metaphors and the variability of concepts often puzzle readers. It is not possible to mold Rumi’s thoughts or ideas in any specific way. He is most commonly called Rumi in English. Rumi was married twice.  The 13th century Mevlâna Mausoleum, with its mosque, dance hall, schools and living quarters for dervishes, remains a destination of pilgrimage to this day, and is probably the most popular pilgrimage site to be regularly visited by adherents of every major religion. In 1225, Rumi married Gowhar Khatun in Karaman. Hast thou ever seen one leaf of a (folding) door small and the other large, or a wolf mated with the lion of the jungle? Shortly after his death, Rumi succeeded him at the age of 25, and gradually he became known as Maulvi Sahib or Maulana Sahib.