All Rights Reserved. Water temperature should be 23-28 o C (73-82 o F), so a middle value of 25-26 o C (77-79 o F) is probably ideal. Malawi cichlids come from a rift lake in East Africa (Lake Malawi) that is very much alkaline (pH 7.5 to around 8.8) yet has relatively soft to medium hard water at best. Species from rivers might appreciate water or an air pump to create a stronger current. Malawi, Mbuna, Peacocks, and Haps. pH 7.5-8.4 is ideal with an almost pristine (near 0 ppm) ammonia and ammonium nitrite content. Fish information on the Lake Malawi Cichlids known as the "Haps", Haplochromis group habitats and cichlids tanks for free-swimming types of cichlids, including the Utaka. Water Parameters for the Freshwater Aquarium - Never lose fish again! Water Parameters. You can use rock, marine coal, and sand to raise the PH and buffer the water. The two lakes. Regarding water parameters, the fish can live in hard alkaline water akin to what African cichlids and longer aquariums as well because of their active nature. Lake Malawi has another interesting characteristic – different layers of water don’t mix, and this feature is known as being meromictic. And now you have to remember all of these other things : Keep your temperature for Cichlids, and tropical fish between 25°C and 27°C. What Is the Chemical Composition of Lake Malawi Water? African Cichlids water parameters is, a mmonia, nitrite, and nitrate levels need to remain at a constant, undetectable reading when you do water tests. We recommend a weekly or bi-weekly service for fish only systems. Water parameters. This is due to peacock cichlids having rather unique water parameter requirements, so you will also need to make sure that any tank mates you add have similar water requirements as well. African cichlids need a water temperature of 75-85°F and a … The next step to care for your Lake Malawi Cichlids is ideally done before the fish arrive. This site rocks the Classic Responsive Skin for Thesis. Water temperature ranges from mid-60’s to well above 84° F, depending on location, although most species do best between 75° and 80° F. Most New World cichlids offered for sale are commercially raised and tolerate a wide range of water parameters. It doesn’t matter how nicely you set up the tank, the Malawi fish will rearrange everything to suit themselves. Many common and rare aquarium species of African cichlid… Scientifically, these fish are referred to as Protomelas taeniolatus. African cichlids from the lakes Victoria and Malawi will prosper in a PH range between 7.4 to 7.9. All species from Lake Malawi thrive in the temperature range of 77-84 °F. Ensuring the water is fit for your Lake Malawi Cichlids. If the water parameters waver, you may experience an increase in tension among tank mates, including your African peacock cichlid. Some pet stores will also stock Cichlid Buffer additives to buffer the water. Despite their hardy nature, peacock cichlids do have preferred water parameters that aquarists should adhere to. ... Water changes of 10-15% weekly are suggested, only do more if the water parameters are off. What should be the pH level for Malawi cichlids? In this article, we will look at all these factors that go into keeping Lake Malawi Cichlids healthy and happy in an aquarium. African Cichlid water parameters should be kept at the following alkaline ranges: Malawi species:    7.4 – 8.6 Some rocks can release minerals and disrupt the water parameters later on, so it’s better to take care of them beforehand. Malawi Cichlids can be kept at a temperature of 24-26°C (75-79°F), although some other cichlids may prefer slightly warmer Or cooler environments, so always check on the requirements of fish before you buy. So many hobbyists with softer water will tend to keep things like crushed coral in the tank to help buffer the water. *Water Parameters: Typical Lake Malawi Cichlid water parameters; Temperature: 78 - 82°F (26- 28 °C. The lake is known for having alkaline water that is known for clarity and is extremely stable in terms of its pH level and other key parameters. Both come from East Africa's rift valley both are cichlids, both inhabit the same hard alkaline water so why shouldn't they be kept together? Notable mbuna cichlids. This body of water is very consistent year-round when it comes to parameters and water chemistry. A minimum of 115 Liter tank is good size to start with for most species of African Cichlids. Mbuna is a term used to group species of Lake Malawi cichlids according to their DNA and certain physical properties such as their dentition . Water Conditions The water in the aquarium should be moving, but the filter outlet will be enough to create a small current. Francesco Zezza went to Lake Malawi equipped with a highly configurable PH reader and his findings from seven locations found the PH of the water to range from 7.7 – 8.1. Article on Malawi Mbuna cichlids - keeping and breeding. ... Black Molly Water Parameters and pH Level. Cichlids may appreciate live plants, but otherwise, silk plants or a hardscape will work fine. Species that are not native to Lake Malawi will not do well in the high pH and hard water that the mbunas prefer. Water temperature for Malawi cichlids. The one thing you have to remember is stability is key. Water parameters are very flexible (Yes, Malawi’s do fine in 3 dGH on up and 7.0 pH on up) and you can put 37 in a 75-gallon aquarium. This includes a STABLE pH of 7.5- 8.2, a KH above 200 ppm (12 dKH), and very importantly (and often an important aspect of fish health) a GH of 200 ppm (12 dGH) or higher. The water parameters of the lake are hardly ever agreed upon. Open swimming space, plus rock work for caves and hiding spaces. Peacock cichlids thrive in a water environment that mimics the conditions of their native Lake Malawi where the temperature is a bit warmer than the water habitat of other cichlid species. Cichlids are sensitive to pH changes. Water Changes: Weekly - Water changes of 10-15% weekly are suggested, only do more if the water parameters are off. Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Tips to keep your aquarium Temperature cool. Well, here is … Clean, well-filtered water. ... How to Setup African Cichlids Part 1. Ninety percent of those are cichlids, and that is what makes Lake Malawi … The water parameters of the lake are hardly ever agreed upon. The African peacock cichlid is a stunning and beautiful addition to any aquarium, provided you choose compatible tank mates. Most of the Cichlids found in Africa are in the three great water sources. Feel free to take in the following link after enjoying, “African Cichlids aquarium water parameters”. The African peacock is a Lake Malawi cichlid, and they tend to prefer alkaline water with a stable pH level. Always keep nitrate levels as low as possible, preferably under 40 ppm, and ammonia and nitrite should always be zero. It will keep your cichlids healthy and in a more peaceful mood. Malawi Cichlids Panorama In the following pages you will find a panorama of information on African Cichlids, how to take care of them and much original information on the Lake itself and all aspects of water parameters and the thereabouts. Water temperature should be 23-28 o C (73-82 o F), so a middle value of 25-26 o C (77-79 o F) is probably ideal. They also need certain water parameters and diets. Breeding is relatively simple with mbunas. Water parameters and care: Ammonia: low to 0 ppm As mentioned in our general overview section, all Peacock Cichlids come from Lake Malawi, therefore your aquarium should closely resemble to conditions found there. Bibliography of L. Malawi Biology (with numerous abstracts and literature downloads) 25 October 2019 Journal Portal (gateway to relevant scientific journals) 29 April 2015 Checklists of L. Malawi Fishes (Acrobat format) 24 June 2020 Lake Malawi is known to possess the most beautiful of their kind, and many of the African Cichlids that belong in aquariums around the world come from this water … Water Parameters. Types of Lake Malawi Cichlids Mbuna Cichlids You can use rock, marine coal, and sand to raise the PH and buffer the water. Your Cichlids will thrive when provided with certain water parameters. Water Parameters : pH 7.2 - 8.8 | dH range: 10 - 18 | Temperature : 75°F - 79°F (24°C - 26°C) Lifespan : 7 to 10 years. The word can be translated in English as “rock fish”. Temperature. I am in the process of planning for a water storage tank for my Malawi Cichlids, and wanted to hear some other people's opinions of what would be the best solution in a situation such as mine. GH - 4 to 6. GH levels naturally drop over time because minerals do not stay suspended in water very long therefore regular partial water changes are best. Due to a different type of water they are usually unable to be put with other community fish unless they share the same water parameters. Carbonate hardness is an important Cichlid water parameter, also known as “buffering capacity” or “total alkalinity,”  Without adequate buffering, the pH in your aquarium will eventually drop because the end result of the nitrogen cycle is nitrate  (nitric-acid), which slowly builds up between water changes. The two lake are actually very different in many ways. Malawi Cichlids This page has been moved... redirecting to new page: malawi_cichlids.htm. native to Lake Malawi or other waters with compatible parameters that may do well with mbunas. Lake Malawi African cichlids are easy fish, no big problem for beginners. *Water Parameters: A non demanding Cichlid that prefers water conditions typical of most Lake Malawi cichlids. My nitrates were 50 - 80ppm and nothing I did, filter maintenance, water changes, vacuuming, NOTHING, would bring those nitrate numbers down. Lake Malawi is the home of more species of fish than any other lake in the world, including over 1000 species of cichlids. Victoria species:    7.2 – 8. Water parameters are very flexible (Yes, Malawi’s do fine in 3 dGH on up and 7.0 pH on up) and you can put 37 in a 75-gallon aquarium. African cichlids from the lakes Victoria and Malawi will prosper in a PH range between 7.4 to 7.9. Reef Solutions can create a program that fits anyone’s service requirements and budget. At the lower end of this scale, the fish may be less aggressive, but also less active and less inclined to breed. There are a few Synodontis spp. Lake Tanganyikan cichlids prefer higher alkaline levels between 8.3 to 9.3. The Sardine Cichlid will swim in the upper areas of the aquarium. Lake Tanganyikan cichlids prefer higher alkaline levels between 8.3 to 9.3. ), a pH over 7.8 and definitely a high mineral content which includes a GH over 200 ppm (or more) *Typical food: The Taiwan Reef Cichlid primarily feeds on the algae cover on rocks, however it is an omnivore and will accept a varied diet. (4-6 dGH and 6-8 dKH). ... important for CICHLID WATER … How Does it Compare with Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika? They live amongst the rocks, in comparison to non-mbunas, like the utaka, who live in o… There are two major types of cichlids, African and American, it is uncommon to house both species as they appear to be more aggressive toward each other, it is better to choose one of the two. Lake Malawi is one of the three rift lakes of Eastern Africa, along with Lake Tanganyika and Lake Victoria, and stretches 360 miles from north to south. KH for Africans should be kept in the range of 180 – 240 ppm, or 10° – 14° DH. Article on Malawi Mbuna cichlids - keeping and breeding. This is also important to keep aggression to a minimum when housing a lot of Cichlids together. 1, Possibilities for a Malawi Aquarium. Be cautious of doing more frequent changes as these fish are very sensitive to new water. Take one look at these fish and you’ll understand their colorful name. Originally hailing from Lake Malawi … They require a certain type of habitat in their aquariums. The typical range of PH is from 7.7 - 8.6. We can service your aquarium daily, twice weekly, weekly, bi-weekly, or monthly. These fish do prefer harder water, and they need to be kept at a pH range between 7.5 and 8.5. Francesco Zezza went to Lake Malawi equipped with a highly configurable PH reader and his findings from seven locations found the PH of the water to range from 7.7 – 8.1. Waters Parameters. This body of water is very consistent throughout the year when it comes to parameters and water chemistry. Peacock cichlids thrive in a water-based environment that mimics the conditions of their native Lake Malawi, where the temperature is a little warmer than the water habitat of other cichlids. Therefore, avoid changes in pH  greater than .3 units per day. Aquarium Setup. They are known for their dazzling colors, which can vary dramatically from fish to fish. At the lower end of this scale, the fish may be less aggressive, but also less active and less inclined to breed. When choosing tank mates for your peacock cichlid, compatibility should not be your only consideration. However, to aquarists, they are known as the Red Empress Cichlid or Spindle Hap. Lake Malawi Cichlids include the Mbuna and Peacock Cichlids. Water Parameters for African Cichlids ranging from Lake Malawi 7.4 - 8.6, Lake Tanganyika 7.8 - 9.0 and Lake Victoria 7.2 - 8.6 Types of Lake Malawi Cichlids video. Many mbuna cichlids are regularly stocked and sold by pet shops. What should the water parameters be? Proper African Cichlid water parameters will make them appear vibrant  in aquariums with a general hardness ranging from 160 – 320 ppm (parts per million) or 9° – 18° DH . Despite popular opinion the water of Lake Malawi isn't really all that hard. Lake Malawi cichlids require alkaline water with a balanced pH. It is the 9th largest lake in the world and is located between Malawi, Mozambique and Tanzania. Overstock the aquarium to reduce aggression. This body of water is very consistent throughout the year when it comes to parameters and water chemistry. Many cichlid-keepers tend to choose tank mates that are from Lake Malawi because they naturally prefer the same … Malawi fish require hard water with a high pH, the coral sand will act as a buffer to bring your water parameters to the required level. Salmon Red rainbow fish The red rainbowfish is closely related to the Australian rainbow and an ideal alternative to companion your cichlids with. Some species are more easily sexed than others. They are mainly rock dwellers and will require a variety of rock outcrops and caves to feel comfortable. Waters Parameters. The Cichlids of Lake Malawi National Park. Let’s see the parameters that you need to be looking after for your aquarium. The typical range of PH is from 7.7 - 8.6. Temperatures vary from 20-30°C/68-86°F, though in captivity should be around 25°C/77°F, pH from 7.8-8.5. How Does it Compare with Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika? These include Lake Victoria, Lake Malawi, and Lake Tanganyika. 1, Possibilities for a Malawi Aquarium. If you click on some of our links in this post, we may earn a commission. What Is the Chemical Composition of Lake Malawi Water? Tanganyika species:    7.8 – 9.0 Because of the sensitivity of a reef environment, we service them weekly. The Red Empress Cichlid is a visually striking fish that can add vibrant color to your aquarium. Ideal Water Conditions For Discus Fish: tds, Temperature, pH & Hardness. Conclusion. Let’s start with the water, the vital substance your fish will be living in for their entire existence. But, the mind-blowing fact that it contains somewhere around 800 fish species. Lake Malawi is hard and alkaline. Peacock cichlids thrive in a water-based environment that mimics the conditions of their native Lake Malawi, where the temperature is a little warmer than the water habitat of other cichlids. Lake Malawi African cichlids are easy fish, no big problem for beginners. We are reader supported. However, with sufficient buffering the pH remains stable. Mbunas is a word in the dialect of the Tonga people of Malawi, who live on the northern part of the country, along the shores of Lake Malawi, near Nkhata bay. Next post: Tips to keep your aquarium Temperature cool, Previous post: Reef Aquarium Water Parameters. Start with less aggressive species.